Classic: American English There is a climate of secrecy and fear at the Paris Opera. People are dying and a beautiful, talented young singer has disappeared. Is this the work of the Opera ghost? Is the ghost a man or a monster? And what else will he do to get what he wants?
There is a climate of secrecy and fear at the Paris Opera. People are dying and a beautiful, talented young singer has disappeared. Is this the work of the Opera ghost? Is the ghost a man or a monster? And what else will he do to get what he wants?
When we think climate change we think of man-made global warming, caused by greenhouse gas emissions. But natural climate change has occurred throughout human history, and populations have had to adapt to its vicissitudes. Tony McMichael, a renowned epidemiologist and a pioneer in the field of how human health relates to climate change, is the ideal guide to this phenomenon, and in his magisterial Climate Change and the Health of Nations, he presents a sweeping and authoritative analysis of how human societies have been shaped by climate events.
The global debate over who should take action to address climate change is extremely precarious, as diametrically opposed perceptions of climate justice threaten the prospects for any long-term agreement. Poor nations fear limits on their efforts to grow economically and meet the needs of their own people, while powerful industrial nations, including the United States, refuse to curtail their own excesses unless developing countries make similar sacrifices. Meanwhile, although industrialized countries are responsible for 60 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change, developing countries suffer the "worst and first" effects of climate-related disasters, including droughts, floods, and storms, because of their geographical locations. In A Climate of Injustice, J. Timmons Roberts and Bradley Parks analyze the role that inequality between rich and poor nations plays in the negotiation of global climate agreements.Roberts and Parks argue that global inequality dampens cooperative efforts by reinforcing the "structuralist" worldviews and causal beliefs of many poor nations, eroding conditions of generalized trust, and promoting particularistic notions of "fair" solutions. They develop new measures of climate-related inequality, analyzing fatality and homelessness rates from hydrometeorological disasters, patterns of "emissions inequality," and participation in international environmental regimes. Until we recognize that reaching a North-South global climate pact requires addressing larger issues of inequality and striking a global bargain on environment and development, Roberts and Parks argue, the current policy gridlock will remain unresolved.
The following points have been studied in this book: 1. Characteristics of Climate in Libya. 2. Recent climate changes over time and space in Libya comparing with the global change. 3. Trends of climate occurred recently in two periods:1946-2000 as a long-term period, and 1976-2000 as a short-term period. 4. Physical and human causes of climate change in Libya. 5. Impacts of climate change on Libya. 6. Effects of climate change on desertification in Jifara Plain. 7. Manifestations and degrees of desertification. 8. The other factors accelerated desertification in Jifara Plain. 9. Projections of climate change in Libya comparing with the globe. 10. Mitigation of climate change in Libya. 11. Combating of desertification in Jifara Plain. The book includes 87 tables and 93 figures and 10 photos
Researches on fear of crime show that there are numerous predictors of fear of crime, particularly age, gender, race, socioeconomic status, and the residential area. Among these studies, gender is the strongest predictor of fear of crime. A number of explanations have been suggested in the literature for the women’s heightened fear levels. This book examines the predictors of fear of crime in Sweden by testing the shadow of sexual assault hypothesis, emerging as a leading explanation for women’s heightened fear levels. The current research suggests that the fear of sexual assault shadows the fear of other offenses, especially crimes that involves face-to-face contact between victims and offenders. Further, women’s fear of sexual assault is influenced by perceived risk, constrained behaviors, and neighborhood characteristics. This book should be helpful to scholars and policy makers, who seek to provide a better understanding of women’s fear of sexual assault, as well as to students at all level education, who are interested in the field of fear of crime.
This book titled "Impact of Climate Variability on Agriculture" Deals with retrospective climate variability and its current impacts on rainfed rice farming in Asian context; predicts future 50 years possible climate variability through intercomparison of GCMs and predicts the fate of rice agriculture based on the predicted variability. This study would serve as a milestone for further studies and a contribution for designinging practical climate change/variability adaptation strategies to minimize adverse effects of climate variability on agriculture
Climate change will impact horticultural production in the future. The present work assesses the future climatic impact on regional horticultural production by establishing a basic frame of a climate impact modeling chain. Using high resolved simulated climate time series of future alternatives of the worlds development, long-term trends of various climate effects were assessed. For this purpose, simulated climate time series were calibrated and effects of resolution, bias, bias correction, scenario, climate model and impact model as well uncertainty propagation along the simulation chain were investigated. A multidimensional bias correction method was developed in order to optimize climate time series consistency.
Both the causes of and solutions to climate change are grounded in human society. Climate Change and Society summarizes the existing approaches to understanding the social dimensions of climate change from a variety of theoretical and empirical perspectives, analyzing its origins, impacts, and responses.
Carbon leakage is the increase in CO2 emissions outside the countries with emission constraints divided by the emission reduction in constrained countries, as a result of a climate policy in the constrained countries. It can be seen as a measure for the effectiveness of unilateral climate policies. If a unilateral climate policy achieves an emission reduction in one country which results in an increase in emission in another country the policy is not 100% effective and the resultant emission balance is misleading. This can further increase the mistrust, countries already show towards each other’s mitigation goals. The EU-ETS is the largest binding climate policy measure in the world. European industries, especially energy intensive and trade exposed industries like the aluminium industry fear the loss of international competitiveness due to a carbon price. A system dynamic model is used to study the level of carbon leakage in the aluminium industry until 2030. The model simulates the development in four regions: Europe as the carbon constrained region and Middle East, South America and Africa as regions with substantial growth in the aluminium industry. The existing literature on carbon leakage presents a wide range of outcomes. This study finds carbon leakage to exist due to the redistribution of production to emission intensive regions without a reduction in total production.
European Climate Vulnerabilities and Adaptation: A Spatial Planning Perspective analyses the impacts climate change might have on regions and their local economies. Regions clearly differ in view of the complex patterns of climate change impact, but also regarding the given vulnerability and coping capacity. Impacts of climate change can have a marked effect on the functioning of regions and sectors of the society, if not properly addressed. Readiness to adapt to the impacts and lasting changes counts towards vulnerability of the regions. The book builds upon the findings of a project conducted under the European observation network for territorial development and cohesion (ESPON), The ESPON Climate project. Following the stipulations of the ESPON programme and the tender for this project the territorial focus is the raison d’être and methodological core of the project as a whole and its various research actions: The outcomes of each action will be focused on what impacts global climate change will have for the different European regions and how the regions can cope with the projected impacts in order to become less vulnerable to climate change. This book: Provides a comprehensive analysis of climate change impacts on 29 European regions and their local economies Takes an interdisciplinary approach dealing with the physical, social, economic, environmental, cultural and institutional aspects of climate change vulnerability and the consequences for spatial planning Builds on the findings of the ESPON Climate project with a policy focused approach Is in full colour throughout with a broad range of case studies
This book examines the interplay between the effects of climate change and human rights. It seeks to interrogate the contribution of human rights in addressing the effects of climate change on the enjoyment of the right to food in Kenya. Climate change has been recognised as a human rights issue. Despite this acknowledgement, many states are yet to deal with climate change as a growing threat to the realisation of human rights. The situation is made worse by the glacial pace in securing a binding legal agreement to tackle climate change. The thesis also reveals that despite their seemingly disparate and disconnected nature, both the human rights and climate change regimes seek to achieve the same goal albeit in different ways.
This is a research carried out as a part of Master's dissertation in a sub-watershed of Gorkha District representing the Midhill geographic region of Nepal. It explores the dynamics and driving forces of the forest cover change; documents the changing livelihood patterns; analyze the climate change at local level as well as documents the non-climatic climate change indicators.It is a unique study which gives the true picture of the changing face of the 'Midhills' of Nepal which covers over 68% of Nepal's area.