Cultural assets are recognized as immensely valuable treasures of knowledge domain as they affirm the identity of past and cast a great deal of light on the well-neigh forgotten history of civilizations that has flourished for many centuries. Many oriental libraries have been established for the processing, preservation and dissemination of these cultural sorts to bring them to the fore. The Srinagar District of J & K also possess a number of such special libraries enriched with a substantial amount of oriental collection but these libraries are the candidates of least administrative and academic attention. The study at hand is initiated with the aim to reveal the potential heritage wealth in different forms and from diverse subjects and languages that has enriched the oriental libraries of Srinagar. Study can prove valuable to literary, religious and scientific scholars and can be used as a base for the Ministry of Culture to take proper management steps in preserving the culture and heritage sustained in these libraries.
There exist a great variety of landscapes that are representative of the different regions of the world. Combined works of nature and humankind, they express a long and intimate relationship between peoples and their natural environment. To reveal and sustain the great diversity of the interactions between humans and their environment, to protect living traditional cultures and preserve the traces of those which have disappeared, these sites called Cultural Landscapes which testify to the creative genius, social development and the imaginative and spiritual vitality of humanity. They are part of our collective identity. In Egypt, there are a great variety of Landscapes that are representative of different regions. These Egyptians cultural landscapes sites vary from; built heritage, river banks, oases ecosystem, spectacular mountains, and also coastal, religious and industrialized cultural landscapes. The main aim of this book is to reach a common framework of management and preservation of cultural heritage landscape sites in Egypt in order to make a valorization for such these sites. Siwa Oasis has been studied as a case by analyzing its features and constraints for development.
This research focuses on the cultural practices in relation to the spread of HIV among the Sena people of the Nsanje district in Malawi. The concern of the study is the high prevalence rate of HIV in the Nsanje district which is 35% higher than in any other district in Malawi. People of Nsanje district have maintained their cultural practices within the context of HIV and AIDS. There are multiple sexual partners involved in the sexual rituals which increase high risk of the spread of HIV and sexual intercourse is used in most rituals as a tool for purification. The key cultural practices that have been maintained are widow cleansing, widow inheritance, bonus wife, fisi (hyena) custom, polygamy and bzyade. It is a great challenge for church and the community to modify or discourage these cultural practices because some of the people in Nsanje district claim that these cultural practices have been practiced since the existence of their forefathers in Nsanje district. The community together with the church should take strong stand in responding to the cultural practices in an attempt to combat the spread of HIV.
Cultural heritage tourism is the fasted growing segment in tourism industry. Malacca was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on July 2008. This enables Malacca boost its cultural heritage tourism as one of the main industry in Malacca and Malaysia. This study is to identify the tourist satisfaction on the cultural heritage destination attributes and examine the differences in cultural heritage destinations attributes that tourists’ select, based on tourists’ demographic and travel behaviour characteristics. It also identified which cultural heritage destination attributes that satisfied tourists and which attributes need to be improve. Therefore, the study should help marketers, planners and local authorities to understand the satisfied and dissatisfied cultural heritage destination attributes of tourists, assist them to plan a good strategic to market cultural heritage tourism and maintain the cultural heritage site’s sustainability.
This work engages the current discourse on the preservation and safeguarding of cultural heritage and explores how these measures can function as factors for a sustainable economic development. It discusses the different concepts of cultural heritage and shows, in which way these have evolved in the recent past. Also it indicates how the meanings and values of cultural heritage form. In this context the work outlines the specific values cultural heritage can have and examines how such cultural and economic values can be assessed. Furthermore it reveals why cultural heritage is also crucial for the formation, functioning and development of human collectives, depicting the impacts its preservation and safeguarding can have. Here it illustrates how these measures could promote sustainable economic development. Additionally the work features the study 'Patrimonio Cultural', which was conducted in Cuenca, Ecuador in 2010. This study identifies peolple?s perceptions of the changes the city has experienced in the wake of its listing as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO, thus providing us with useful knowledge of what such events can cause in communities.
The cultural landscape paradigm is a wide discipline in which natural and human patterns/processes are overlapped with many layers and meanings, which are continuously reshaping with changing demands and uses. Cultural landscapes consider as a heritage entity and managed as per set guidelines. Here, the book sets out to investigate and question the Burra Charter, its interpretations and approaches for protection of cultural landscape in Australia. It finds that there are many gaps in understanding the multiple meanings of heritage landscape which often misses the gist of landscape in understanding the cultural significance of a place. In order to overcome these limitations, the research has proposed a new framework based on landscape theories. A proposed Cultural Landscape Paradigm (CLP) through its ecological, experiential and narrative approach tries to answer the inadequacy of the conventional heritage practices. This CLP is then demonstrated on a culturally significant landscape of Prospect Reservoir in western Sydney. In totality, this book provides a framework of interpreting and assessing the cultural significance of a place in a more holistic manner.
Cultural heritage law and its response to human rights principles and practice has gained renewed prominence on the international agenda. The recent conflicts in Syria and Mali, China’s use of shipwreck sites and underwater cultural heritage to make territorial claims, and the cultural identities of nations post-conflict highlight this field as an emerging global focus. In addition, it has become a forum for the configuration and contestation of cultural heritage, rights and the broader politics of international law. The manifestation of tensions between heritage and human rights are explored in this volume, in particular in relation to heritage and rights in collaboration and in conflict, and heritage as a tool for rights advocacy. This volume also explores these issues from a distinctively legal standpoint, considering the extent to which the legal tools of international human rights law facilitate or hinder heritage protection. Covering a range of issues across Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and Australia, this volume will be of interest to people working in human rights, heritage studies, cultural heritage management and identity politics around the world.
The paper contains the author's research findings in the field of authentication and preservation of cultural heritage (paintings, historical and religious monuments, textiles and old books). The theme is approached from an interdisciplinary perspective, involving knowledge of conservation and restoration, materials science, history and art theory, biology, chemistry. This paper presents case studies in which modern methods used in the characterization and authentication materials are X-ray fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy SEM, optical microscopy, FTIR, etc. The presentation this information took into account the difficulty encountered by conservators, art historians, restorers or other responsible people in decision making of the dating, conservation and restoration the cultural heritage. The work is of interest to researchers, specialists, teachers, students and for all those passionate about the richness and diversity of cultural heritage.
This book focuses on current preservation efforts of cultural landscapes within the United States. Five examples of United States National Parks are evaluated to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of re-nomination of these sites from Natural Sites to Cultural Landscapes, within UNESCO. The parks discussed include, Yellowstone, Grand Canyon, Glacier Bay, Yosemite and Hawaii Volcanoes. This research will conclude with a set of recommendations focusing on steps these parks can take to further protect their cultural landscapes under UNESCO.
Technological developments are hugely impacting the work of restoring, renovating, protecting, documenting and archiving our cultural heritage. This collection of peer-reviewed papers explores the theme of cultural heritage and technology in relation to data-capture, digitization, architectural computing, reconstruction, modelling, information data-processing, virtual reality applications, standardization, data visualization and archiving. This exploration of the possibilities of digital preservation makes this book a valuable resource for the cultural heritage community.
Every one lives within cultural context. Every human society has its recognizable cultural style, which shapes the behavior of its members. Sindh is pretty rich in terms of historical and ancient societies including remains of old cities like Moen Jo Daro in Larkana, graveyard in Makli, forts of Hyderabad, Umer Kot and Rani Kot in District Jamshoro. Today the entire area of Sindh is dotted with prehistoric and proto-historic settlements. Although exploration of all archaeological and cultural sites in Sindh is yet to become complete, yet innumerable relics and monuments so far discovered narrate the tale of continuous human activity in Sindh throughout the ages. Secondly it is also a proven fact that the cultural influence of the great Indus valley civilization of the third millennium BC is still prevalent among the people of Sindh in the third millennium AD. Many of the ancient sites of sindh have great historical and cultural significance. By virtue of their great past, unique architecture and eventful history, they deserve to be valuable cultural heritage of sindh. This ethnographic study was conducted in the Rani Kot Fort which is situated in district Jamshoro.
Best-selling guide to all 936 UNESCO World Heritage sites. Fully updated to include the latest sites added to the list in June 2011. Managed by the World Heritage Committee with strict criteria, only the world's most spectacular and extraordinary sites making it onto the List. 2012 will mark the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention. The prestigious List includes some of the most famous place in the world, such as the ancient Nabatean city of Petra in Jordan, the legendary Acropolis in Athens, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and Machu Picchu, the "Lost City of the Incas", in Peru. Includes the 25 sites added to the List by the UNESCO World Heritage committee in June 2011 including The Persian Garden (Iran), Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia (Colombia), Selimiye Mosque Complex at Edirne (Turkey) and Citadel of the Ho Dynasty (Vietnam). Over 650 colour photographs Descriptions of all 936 UNESCO World Heritage sites Location map for every site Background The World Heritage List includes properties forming part of the cultural and natural heritage which the World Heritage Committee considers as having outstanding universal value. In 1972 the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted the Convention concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage. Since then 936 sites have been inscribed onto the List 725 of which are cultural, 183 natural and 28 mixed properties in 153 countries.
Heritage work has had a uniquely wide currency in Africa's politics. Secure within the pages of books, encoded in legal statutes, encased in glass display cases and enacted in the panoply of court ritual, the artefacts produced by the heritage domain have become a resource for government administration, a library for traditionalists and a marketable source of value for cultural entrepreneurs. The Politics of Heritage in Africa draws together disparate fields of study - history, archaeology, linguistics, the performing arts and cinema - to show how the lifeways of the past were made into capital, a store of authentic knowledge that political and cultural entrepreneurs could draw from. This book shows African heritage to be a mode of political organisation, a means by which the relics of the past are shored up, reconstructed and revalued as commodities, as tradition, as morality or as patrimony.
A Companion to Cultural Resource Management is an essential guide to those wishing to gain a deeper understanding of CRM and heritage management. Expert contributors share their knowledge and illustrate CRM's practice and scope, as well as the core issues and realities in preserving cultural heritages worldwide. Edited by one of the world's leading experts in the field of cultural resource management, with contributions by a wide range of experts, including archaeologists, architectural historians, museum curators, historians, and representatives of affected groups Offers a broad view of cultural resource management that includes archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, historic structures, shipwrecks, scientific and technological sites and objects, as well as intangible resources such as language, religion, and cultural values Highlights the realities that face CRM practitioners «on the ground»