For 250 years encrusted wonders have been turning up in fishermen’s nets: everything imaginable from prehistoric animal bones to priceless Roman statues. Fishing trawlers annually sweep an area equivalent in size to half the world’s continental shelves. Everything in the wake of these bulldozers of the deep is battered. A devastating trail of smashed shipwrecks runs from the North Sea to Malaysia. The profound threat of the global fishing industry remains a black hole in marine archaeology, poorly understood and unmanaged. Fishing and Shipwreck Heritage is the first global analysis of the threat of bottom fishing to underwater cultural heritage, examining the diversity, scale and implications on endangered finds and sites. Throughout, the key questions of whether it is too late to save the planet’s three million wrecks and how sustainable management is achievable are debated.
Every era has its dominant representations. Just as landscape painters of previous centuries captured and expressed new modes of perceiving history, corporate advertisers now devise the imagined landscapes of global capitalism. Advertising functions as an omnipresent discursive form, publicly assembling and circulating the predominant tropes of our era. This project is based on the premise that corporate advertising’s landscapes help shape our epoch’s imaginative conceptualizations of the spatial relations, the temporal flows, and the cultural geographies that correspond to the emergence of a high-tech global economy. In Landscapes of Capital Robert Goldman and Steven Papson examine how corporate television ads from the last fifteen years have organized predominant images, tropes and narrative representations of a world in transition. The volume takes particular interest in how relations of space, time, speed, capital, technology and globalization are narratively represented in advertising. Goldman and Papson skillfully demonstrate how Capital represents itself at a moment of critical historical transition Ð the passage into high-tech globalization and the crises associated with it. They argue that corporate ads can be read to reveal how Capital represents itself and the world that is being wrought Ð in terms of the signifiers it prefers and the stories it tells.
The region of South Gujarat, India is home to a number of tribal communities many of which are migrants originally from the nearby Central and Western India. The picture produced is that of a beautiful cultural and social interaction, blend as well as distinction. The study conducted in the village of Barumal, a small settlement in the Valsad district, narrates the story of migration, change in lifestyle and subsequent variation in the social pattern of the village focusing on the phenomenon of diffusion of culture.
Ecotourism has been recognized as an important tool in education and preservation of ecologically sensitive sites less disturbed by human activities. It incorporates travel to destinations to see, learn and enjoy the natural beauty of plants, animals, landscapes, and cultural heritages. The main objective of ecotourism is to show tourists the imminent human impact on nature. Then only, timely appreciation of nature and cultural heritages can be realized ultimately contributing to the protection and management of ecotourism sites. Thus the concept of ecotourism spins around minimizing negative impact of conventional mass tourism on nature and maximizing sensitiveness towards cultural integrity of communities and conservation of threatened habitats. In this monograph, the authors who have extensively travelled in the wilderness have synthesized unique case studies covering Asia, Africa, South America, North America, Europe and New Zealand.
Lung cancer was considered to be rare in the beginning of the century but has now reached almost epidemic proportions, being the leader killer in developed countries and is also rising in developing countries. Lung cancer shows a great variation in the prevalence in different geographical regions, probably because of different origins of mutagens or mechanisms of action of different mutagens and/or different ethnicity of different populations. It has always been the interest of scientific community to identify and characterize the molecular alterations and associated risk factors associated with the lung carcinogenesis in different geographic regions of the world. Kashmir Valley being the northern most part of the India, with a different geography and unique culture from rest of the country, lacks the data regarding the molecular biology of lung cancer. Since lung cancer incidence is rising in the Valley, being second most common cancer in this region with the capital district of Srinagar having the highest district-wise age adjusted incidence in males in the country. With this background we tried to study the molecular alterations of TP53 and promoter methylation of MGMT.
The purpose of this dissertation is to survey the ICT centres for implementation of E-governance. As CICs are the only ICT infrastructures in our J&K state, I therefore first studied the concept of E governance followed by Information Communication Centres and Community information Centres. For survey purpose I selected Udhampur district of J&K state where I selected all CIC centres for survey. The CIC centres are located in all seven blocks in the district. So in all survey of seven ICT centres has been done. From all centres one hundred and twenty beneficiaries are selected and information is gathered from them.Results are analyzed using the software SPSS. And finally the conclusions and recommendations of the study are given.
Development strategies in the cities of developing countries are integrating the policy of conservation in the mainstream of planning for sustainability. The Khulna City, the third largest metropolitan city of Bangladesh has need devoted for an effort to conserve its heritages. Khulna City and its surrounding areas are unique and rich in terms of history and heritage. The ultimate intention of the study will be to identify conservation potentials of heritages in the Khulna city, explore historical and cultural significance, community consensus building for conservation needs and propose conservation measures for individual heritage sites.
Numerous architectural monuments of different historical epochs- defensive, religious, residential and civil, preserved in the North- Western district of Azerbaijan are testimony of the century-long history and deep building traditions. Monuments demonstrate the high level of construction craftsmanship, skilled utilization of local materials and peculiar methods of architectural decisions. This book provides an information about modern appearance, constructive peculiarities and decorative features, architectural- planning composition of the main types of buildings in the territory of the North- Western district, including drawings and photo fixation, collected by author jointly with other professors of Azerbaijan University of Architecture and Construction under scientific supervision of Professor, Doctor of architecture Mammadova G.H. during numerous trips to the towns of the district. Materials on several preservation projects realized in the district are also available. Book should be especially useful for the professionals in the fields of history of architecture, preservation and adaptation of architectural heritage.
Modern cities void socio-cultural, ecological and communal characters of humankind for dwelling in the run of political and economic competency. Heritage concerns and conservation attitudes have also been faded in these converted modern cities. Historic cities in some extent have retained the legacy of sustained urban life and environment while development forces still suppress values of historic urban characters and evidently the identity of place. This undermines the compatibility towards spatial patterns of historic settlement and loosens viscosity of historic city within its boundary unless appropriate reconciliation of conservation and development trends are available. This manuscript focuses on amorphous relationships and integration potentials between urban typologies and development context of new development and cultural heritage areas for planners and conservationists. Along with integrity aspects of historic urban landscape as a tool for integrated urban conservation, this book illustrates the strategies for urban spatial continuity, broadened heritage concepts and conservation oriented development with participatory mechanism in historic cities.
The book is a result of the accumulated experience & knowledge over the years in the area of teaching of the classical Sanskrit language. The book will help all the teachers & teacher-educators engaged in the teaching of Sanskrit. It is an in depth analytic study. India is loved and respected in the world as the land possessing a long honored intellectual, moral and spiritual heritage preserved in Sanskrit literature. Sanskrit is the parent language from which many Indian languages are derived. Sanskrit was a great unifying force.It is yet a vital language in India exhibiting the greatest cultural manifestation of the people of India. Contribution of Sanskrit to various areas of knowledge such as Astronomy,Mathematics, Medicine,Ethics,Philosophy,Psychology,Rhetoric, Prosody,Grammar,Mimamsa,Logic as well as Secular Sciences is priceless and magnificent. No nation can afford to neglect its original cultural language in which its heritage is preserved intact. Sanskrit must be popularized and given its due place in the modern curriculum. Sanskrit Selections is analyzed under heads like linguistics,literary,historical & cultural study aspects with proper Content Analysis Methodology.
Kayas are isolated forested patches of land currently used as cultural sites by Mijikendas. Research in early 1990s, identified the Kayas as very important sites for biodiversity conservation because they hosted endemic and globally threatened species. Extraction of forest products in the Kayas was controlled by a Mijikenda council of elders through issuance of permits to locals. This system of traditional governance worked effectively in the past and ensured minimal destruction of Kaya forest habitat, because the Mijikendas strictly obeyed their cultural traditions. However, as human population increased around these sites, the demand for resources increased and the locals started disregarding their traditions and illegally extracting forest products without seeking permission from the council of elders. In recent time this has led to uncontrolled exploitation of forests products leading to decline in populations of globally threatened birds and other biodiversity. This trend is still continuing and is affecting Kayas listed in the World Heritage List from Kenya such as Kaya Gandini & Kaya Mtswakara. There is an urgent need to reverse the trend in the destruction of these Kayas.
In this research, using historic studies, historic maps, period photographs, and other documentary resources, the author creates a historic Geographic Information System to connect attributes of the heritage of Chinese pioneers in a mining camp with spatial data of the historic site, and uses it as an approach to document, visualize and interpret a complex multidimensional heritage site that lacks historic remains. The result of the research is a rich computerized resource of information of an integrated cultural heritage site documented from historic maps, historic photographs, historic newspaper articles, historic records, and other resources. Based on different research objectives, these documented information aspects could be used separately or together to interpret and visualize the multifaceted spatial history of the Chinese in Virginia City, Montana.
The rituals and the social activities are formed by the values and ancestors outcrop. Open space, streets, lanes, facades, water-body and courtyard are common elements in the small town; moreover the small town some time becomes architectural legacy for having those rapports. ‘Longing of’ a small town is to encompass human being in the relationship with space, street, facade, image of the location and lastly the modesty of the small town, is here to encourage the novelty of life next to the spatial quality used by the inhabitant. The writing will try to address the life of the small town people and their spatial environ which runs sequentially with the traditional patterns. The writing will focus on the ‘Tangible & Intangible Cultural Heritage’ and their impact on the human being. Discussion will also focus on the mental growth along with the spatial environs of a particular person who born and brought out at the premise and longing of his life in the particular town with valued cultural heritage.
The author interrogates the meanings of heritage and development in various aspects, and the concept of heritage as a development tool. The role of the Centre for Heritage Development in Africa (CHDA)and its approach to development of skills is analyzed comparatively with other heritage training institution in different parts of the world. The book traces the origins of heritage training and capacity building development in Africa and goes further to explore the idea of integrated approaches to both heritage training and management application on the ground. The author further explores the possible roles Museology as a subject discipline can play to enhance the role of heritage in community development based on theoretical knowledge, practice and ethical issues with regards to co-management of heritage resources by different stakeholders. Research findings and recommendations are well presented. This is a useful reference material for a wide range of people from diverse backgrounds including; heritage professionals, government policy makers, heritage training institutions and academicians. It offers a good general reading material to those who want to expand their knowledge base.