The diplomatic system was born out of the need for communication and collaboration, and knowledge of the other. The history of events andof diplomatic practices that is associated with international relations is seen through the lens ofall condititions of diplomatic life, instruments, resources and limitations of the time. From diplomatic preponderance to European balance, the history of diplomacy and international relations is transposed in the socio-economic, religious and political context of XVII-XVIII centuries. This book is both a cross-sectional analysis and also a longitudinal one on diplomacy and international relations in Europe. On the one hand, European diplomacy is addressed through the concepts, structures and trends recorded during the two centuries. The evolution of negotiation practices andof the conditions of diplomatic work is central to this analysis. On the other hand, through a diachronic analysis, international relations are grouped according to diplomatic preponderance or to European balance. The book can be useful to specialists and researchers in the field of history of international relations, to instructors and students alike.
The first overall study of diplomacy in Early Renaissance Italy for 60 years, explaining how Italian diplomacy came to play such a central role in the development of international relations in Europe, in the spread and application of humanism, and in new modes of political and cultural thought.
Public diplomacy and nation branding have recently been important topics in the diplomatic communities around the world and the importance for governments of reaching out to foreign publics has been recognized like never before. This book explores why these concepts have risen to prominence amongst several ministries of foreign affairs, particularly in Europe and North America, lately and have become an integrated part of their diplomatic strategy. Whether public diplomacy and nation branding will contribute to an increased efficiency in reaching foreign policy goals is still unclear and is investigated in detail. From a foundation of a history of diplomatic practice the author explores if this new trend signifies a new era of diplomacy and international relations, or if it is merely an added function in a modern ministry of foreign affairs with little impact on the way diplomacy and communication between states have been conducted. This book will help provide a better understanding of the latest trends in diplomacy for the practitioner, student of international relations or any person with a general interest in diplomacy and political communication.
The protection of civilians which has been at the forefront of international discourse during recent years is explored through harnessing perspective from international law and international relations. Presenting the realities of diplomacy and mandate implementation in academic discourse.
A person or company having a business in another country is an international investor. these investment are useful for hosting country in development and prosperity , by attracting technology and production capital , with knowledgeable management and marketing techniques, integration of political and social structure and economic developments are the reasons of attracting a successful investment. The hosting country must make presentation works with certain sectors, these presentation works must contain information about investment opportunities, geographical, agricultural, natural recourses and the climate of the hosting country, public relations techniques are used to attract international investments; like communications, public affairs, advertising, lobbying, diplomacy and propaganda, an important factor in public relations is the relation with the media, the printed and written communication means, international seminars,international fairs, exhibitions and shows . The public relations activities reflects the Jordan investment chances.
Arab Diplomacy is one of the important collective diplomacies which worth to be studied; it has alike much of different and similar faces in its processes on foreign affairs, and on conflict & cooperation relations among Arab countries themselves. This book, therefore, aims at uncovering unclear points for Arab countries diplomacy, confirms the importance of the Arab awareness for the cultural, economic and political challenges, and focuses on the successful and failure factors of such diplomacy. Arab Diplomacy reflects the cultural effect and Islamic Arab heritage to forming a joint and various diplomacy. The efficiency of Arab diplomacy increases whenever we deal with the practical and professional domains in which such diplomacy applied, exclusively in the meetings of the L.A.S and the U.N. This monograph provides many facts confirming the existence of Arab diplomacy in international and regional environments, at the same time, negative facts occur to confirm the weakness of Arab countries diplomacy in its performance and actions, for being suffering from shortages in implementing one Arab vision in dealing with some urgent international and regional issues.
The declaration of independence marked a new era for Kosovo and its relations with the countries that have recognized its independence. Since then Kosovo is striving in its diplomatic efforts to achieve broader international recognition and become a member of the United Nations. Instruments of traditional diplomacy do not necessarily present the sole means of Kosovo to interact with other States to the service of its foreign policy and the practice of international relations. In modern times, public diplomacy is receiving broad recognition as a crucial element for understanding and influencing foreign publics. Outreach, communication and understanding present the core concepts necessary to successfully complement traditional diplomacy in fulfilling foreign policy objectives. Driven by foreign policy challenges, public diplomacy efforts and practices are emerging as tools to proactively engage with non-governmental actors such as: think-tanks, research institutes, academia, NGOs, the media, business communities, and relevant associations of other countries that are engaged in second track diplomacy.
International relations are involved in an undesirable and wrong order, at present time, which could be the origin and cause of fundamental harms on humanity. Therefore, it is necessary to propound firm principles for regulating the relationships among states and nations, and new laws and regulations be enacted at international level. The spirit of Islamic laws could be one of the pillars of this new foundation. The aim of this book is to enumerate the principles of Sufi foundation of international relations in Islam. Perhaps the delicateness, truthfulness, and righteousness of Islamic Sufism, which is the gist of thoughts of humankind's guardians during thousands of years lead and direct the thoughts, writings, and speeches of scholars and researchers to these viewpoints, and consequently a new sets of thoughts, for international relations processes in the world, to be defined and codified. This book introduces theosophical views and standpoints of Islamic Sufism about the essential topics of international relations, such as public international law, foreign policy and diplomacy, and puts several principles forward that can be used as the basis for codifying new international law.
Diplomatic ambiguity is one of the most interesting kinds of language-use in politics in general, and in diplomacy in particular. Normally, it is taken as a device that buys a temporary agreement at the price of a later verbal and interpretive conflict or misunderstanding. Prior to this study, no comprehensive or theory-guided analysis of this both political and linguistic phenomenon had been attempted. The study focuses on a number of ambiguously phrased peace-agreements, exploring three fundamental parameters in terms of which the concept of diplomatic ambiguity can be framed: language, power, and law. It proposes an argument of relevance to the most prominent schools of thought in International Relations, and closes a visible gap in the existing literature dealing with conflict, diplomacy, international politics, and discourse- related aspects of such politics. Due to its interdisciplinary character and sensitivity to the requirements of practice, it also offers an informative and practicable guide to the practitioners of international relations, diplomacy, politics, and law.
The use of third-party countermeasures is an increasingly common phenomenon in international relations, yet their legal position remains uncertain. Providing the first systematic and comprehensive study of this key concept in international law, Martin Dawidowicz explores the position of third-party countermeasures and their safeguards regime based on the development of ideas on countermeasures in the UN International Law Commission and a thorough examination of state practice. The book clarifies the position of third-party countermeasures in international law, and in doing so challenges some widely held assumptions about the likely impact of a regime of third-party countermeasures on international relations. It will be of interest to international law and relations scholars and students, diplomats, policy makers, international civil servants and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in the field of human rights.
The 2008 Beijing Olympics were ardently sought, lavishly staged and hugely successful. China successfully used the Olympics as a tool of public diplomacy with a positive impact on its politics, economics and environment. But how did Beijing beat the odds to stage the most spectacular Olympic event in history; and with what impact? China’s Public Diplomacy is reinforced and undercut by authoritarianism… Yet, global status demands more transparency and greater accountability. As PD becomes increasingly indispensable in the management of external affairs, China’s Olympic experience offers wider lessons. This book examines a topical issue of growing currency and wide relevancy to PD; puts the Olympics in a national and international context; highlights the paradox of China’s Public Diplomacy; underscores China’s successful national brand image as an emerging global power; offers valuable insights into deeper understanding of the rising China and its importance as a workshop of the world. The book is, therefore, a pleasant, interesting and invaluable reading for students and practitioners of diplomacy as well as those interested in modern China and contemporary international relations.
Globalization has been contested in recent times. Among the critical perspectives is cosmopolitanism. Yet, with the exception of normative theory, international relations as a field has ignored cosmopolitan thinking. This book redresses this gap and develops a dialogue between cosmopolitanism and international relations. The dialogue is structured around three debates between non-universalist theories of international relations and contemporary cosmopolitan thought. The theories chosen are realism, (post-)Marxism and postmodernism. All three criticize liberalism in the international domain, and, therefore, cosmopolitanism as an offshoot of liberalism. In the light of each school's respective critique of universalism, the book suggests both the importance and difficulty of the cosmopolitan perspective in the contemporary world. Beardsworth emphasizes the need for global leadership at nation-state level, re-embedding of the world economy, a cosmopolitan politics of the lesser violence, and cosmopolitan political judgement. He also suggests research agendas to situate further contemporary cosmopolitanism in international relations theory. This book will appeal to all students of political theory and international relations, especially those who are seeking more articulation of the main issues between cosmopolitanism and its critics in international relations.
This book focuses attention on the importance of economic factor in International Relations using Nigeria as a case study within the period 1960-1985. Through indepth analysis and multi-displinary approach, the book shows that economic factor plays a major role in foreign policy determinants which guide relations of nation- states within the international environment.The book will be of interest to all Foreign Policy Makers, Analysts and Students of International Relations.