By means of electrochemical treatment, crystalline silicon can be permeated with tiny, nanostructured pores that entirely change the characteristics and properties of the material. One prominent example of this can be seen in the interaction of porous silicon with living cells, which can be totally unwilling to settle on smooth silicon surfaces but readily adhere to porous silicon, giving rise to great hopes for such future applications as programmable drug delivery or advanced, braincontrolled prosthetics. Porous silicon research is active in the fields of sensors, tissue engineering, medical therapeutics and diagnostics, photovoltaics, rechargeable batteries, energetic materials, photonics, and MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical Systems). Written by an outstanding, well-recognized expert in the field, this book provides detailed, step-by-step instructions to prepare and characterize the major types of porous silicon. It is intended for those new to the fi eld. Sampling of topics covered: * Principles of Etching Porous Silicon * Etch Cell Construction and Considerations * Photonic Crystals, Microcavities, and Bragg Stacks Etched in Silicon * Preparation of Free-standing Films and Particles of Porous Silicon * Preparation of Photoluminescent Nanoparticles from Porous Silicon * Preparation of Silicon Nanowires by Electrochemical Etch of Silicon * Surface Modifi cation Chemistry and Biochemistry * Measurement of Optical Properties * Measurement of Pore Size, Porosity, Thickness, Surface Area The whole is backed by a generous use of color photographs to illustrate the described procedures in detail, plus a bibliography of further literature pertinent to a wide range of application fi elds. For materials scientists, chemists, physicists, optical physicists, biomaterials scientists, neurobiologists, bioengineers, and graduate students in those fields, as well as those working in the semiconductor industry.
Get up to date on the latest UK GAAP, with practical application guidance Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP is a comprehensive, practical guide to applying UK GAAP at all levels, for accounting periods commencing on or after January 1, 2015. This book examines all of the core principles for every business, from subsidiaries of major listed companies right down to the very small, owner-managed business. Each chapter includes a list of relevant disclosure requirements to facilitate understanding, and real-world examples bring theory to life to provide guidance toward everyday application. Readers gain practical insight into the preparation of accounts under the EU-adopted IFRS, FRSs 100, 101, and 102, the FRSSE, and the Companies Act 2006, with expert guidance as to which requirements apply in which situations, and to which companies, and the type of disclosure each scenario requires. The book also includes detailed analysis of the planned changes to the Small Companies' Regime which are scheduled to take effect in 2016. With sweeping changes coming into effect from January 1st 2015, financial statement preparers must have a sound appreciation of how the new UK GAAP works. This book provides a complete guide, with the latest regulations and straightforward advice on usage. Understand UK GAAP application at all levels Learn how to handle all relevant key accounting treatments Refer to complete disclosure requirement lists for each topic Get up to date on the latest area-specific practices With new accounting practices in many broad areas including investment property, inventory valuations, deferred tax, fixed assets, and more, auditors and accountants need an awareness of how the new financial reporting regime will affect them. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP is the most comprehensive reference, with the latest information and practical guidance.
Полный вариант заголовка: «A treatise on the general principles, powers, and facility of application of the Congreve Rocket System, as compared with artillery : showing the various applications of this weapon, both for sea and land service, and its different uses in the field and in sieges : illustrated by plates of the principal exercises and cases of actual service : with a demonstration of the comparative economy of the system / by Sir W. Congreve».
Кондиционер на основе черного риса.Кондиционер мягко ухаживает за тусклыми, обезвоженными и окрашенными волосами, облегчает расчесывание. При регулярном применении обеспечивает защиту от сечения и ломкости волос. Обладает антистатическим эффектом. СПОСОБ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ: Нанести кондиционер на влажные, вымытые шампунем волосы. Равномерно распределить по всей длине, выдержать 2–3 минуты. Смыть. Для мгновенного эффекта рекомендуется использовать в сочетании с «Активным комплексом».
Интенсивный крем для волос на основе черного риса. Является прекрасным кондиционирующим средством. Облегчает укладку, обеспечивает защиту от нагревания феном и щипцами. Препятствует спутыванию волос. Защищает от негативного воздействия окружающей среды. Обладает антиоксидантными свойствами. СПОСОБ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ: Распределить на ладонях небольшое количество крема и попрядно нанести на вымытые, хорошо отжатые волосы. Не смывать.
Book DescriptionEuropean consumer law has become a vital part of both legal education and practice. This Casebook details the most fundamental judgments of the Court of Justice on consumer law to date and their effect on national legal systems. It contains twenty leading European cases and is then followed by concise analyses of the effect of these decisions on some of the national legal systems of the Member States, and how national legislatures and national courts have reacted to this ever burgeoning area of European law. The focus of the book is private law, including consumer contracts, advertisement law, European product liability and consumer dispute resolutions.
The Mass Effect trilogy is a groundbreaking epic that has immersed gamers in one of science fiction's richest universes. Now BioWare and Dark Horse are proud to invite fans deeper than ever into the Mass Effect saga with The Art of the Mass Effect Universe! Featuring concept art and commentary by BioWare on the games' characters, locations, vehicles, weapons, and more (including Mass Effect 3) The Art of the Mass Effect Universe is the most complete companion available to gaming's most compelling series!
The development and results of electrochemical studies in the field of sulfide flotation are discussed and generalized. The role of oxygen and redox transitions on the sulfide surface in the kinetics of sorption of thiol collectors and the formation of hydrophobic layer on the surface of sulfide minerals is shown. The regularities of autooxidation of thiols catalyzed by cobalt phthalocyanines are described. The effect of inhomogeneity of mineral surface on the wettability of minerals is considered. Theoretical aspects and practical potentialities for enhancing the contrast of physicochemical and flotation properties of sulfides and the reagentless methods for optimization of flotation of polymetallic and gold-bearing sulfide ores are considered. The monograph is intended for the researchers and engineers engaged in the flotation and hydrometallurgy.
An easily accessible introduction to log-linear modeling for non-statisticians Highlighting advances that have lent to the topic's distinct, coherent methodology over the past decade, Log-Linear Modeling: Concepts, Interpretation, and Application provides an essential, introductory treatment of the subject, featuring many new and advanced log-linear methods, models, and applications. The book begins with basic coverage of categorical data, and goes on to describe the basics of hierarchical log-linear models as well as decomposing effects in cross-classifications and goodness-of-fit tests. Additional topics include: The generalized linear model (GLM) along with popular methods of coding such as effect coding and dummy coding Parameter interpretation and how to ensure that the parameters reflect the hypotheses being studied Symmetry, rater agreement, homogeneity of association, logistic regression, and reduced designs models Throughout the book, real-world data illustrate the application of models and understanding of the related results. In addition, each chapter utilizes R, SYSTAT®, and §¤EM software, providing readers with an understanding of these programs in the context of hierarchical log-linear modeling. Log-Linear Modeling is an excellent book for courses on categorical data analysis at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It also serves as an excellent reference for applied researchers in virtually any area of study, from medicine and statistics to the social sciences, who analyze empirical data in their everyday work.
Dealing with vibrations and waves, this text aims to provide understanding of the basic principles and methods of analysing various physical phenomena. The content includes the general properties of propagation, a detailed study of mechanical (elastic and acoustic) and electromagnetic waves, propagation, attenuation, dispersion, reflection, interference and diffraction of waves. It features chapters on the effect of motion of sources and observers (both classical and relativistic), emission of electromagnetic waves, standing and guided waves and a final chapter on de Broglie waves constitutes an introduction to quantum mechanics.
The effect of health on labor force participation is an established fact. This research hypothesizes the endogeneity of health stemming from the reverse effect, reporting bias and unobserved factors. The relationship between health and labor force participation of elderly Russians is modeled with simultaneous equations using data from World Health Organization Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health, Wave 1 (WHO SAGE, 2007–2010). A strong and non-linear effect of health on labor force participation is confirmed. Unlike for a complex health measure, endogeneity, confirmed by the correlation of unobserved shocks in the system of equations, is found for single-question health measures. The results show that the official retirement age has a moderate effect on labor force participation for women and a weaker or no effect for men. Nevertheless, the health of elderly Russians does not impose strong limitations on the increase of the retirement age.
Campaign Communication and Political Marketing is a comprehensive, internationalist study of the modern political campaign. It indexes and explains their integral components, strategies, and tactics. Offers comparative analyses of campaigns from country to country Covers topics such as advertising strategy, demography, the effect of campaign finance regulation on funding, and more Draws on a variety of international case studies including the campaigns of Barack Obama and Nicolas Sarkozy Analyses the impact of digital media and 24/7 news cycle on campaign conduct
This paper extends research on the relation between crime and happiness by investigating the impact of serious and less serious crime (i.e. incorrect behavior) on subjective wellbeing using a representative survey of the Dutch adult population in 2008. We also control for variables reflecting trust, health and social norms, in addition to standard demographic and socio-economic characteristics. We find that people who feel healthy, have more trust in others and have higher social norms are in general happier. We find evidence of an indirect effect of victimization on well-being via trust, health and social norms. The remaining effect of victimization on well-being, keeping trust, social norms, and health constant, is quite weak.