Pottery-making in traditional manner is widely practiced in Wallaga. In the region, pottery is formed mainly by artisan women, who belong to a social class known as ogeyyii, meaning the skilled ones. The artisan women play a crucial role in the sustainable development through diversification of livelihood options. The techniques of pottery-making are guided by the spiritual and cultural interests of the society. However, the artisan women who had better socio-economic status in the society are currently under destitute socio-economic situation. Their economic status is adversely affected by factors that are challenging progress of the indigenous technology by disrupting artisans’ rural market. Oromia region is one of the centers of plant diversity in Ethiopia. In the Wallaga region of Oromia, there are several tuber crops believed to be indigenous. One of the tubers is anchote (Coccinia abyssinica), which forms part of the dietary staple mainly among the Oromo in Wallaga, Illubabor and Jimma of the Oromia Regional State.
The traditional way of making pottery has a very important role in the life of the Ethiopian society. This book tries to explain the traditional way of making pottery as well as the "new way" mechanized way of making pottery. A very detailed investigation has been done to understand the entire process of making pottery using both techniques. Hopefully this book will help our understanding of pottery work and the imagination behind it.
The district of Karbi Anglong bounds several ethnic groups. Karbis occupy the predominant position.Other tribes residing in the district are Dimasa, Kacharis, Garos, Khasis, Jaintias, Rengma Nagas, Man-tias, Tiwas, Chakmas and Hindi speaking people. The composite Culture of the plural society is facing a severe threat as group rivalry and inter tribe conflict culminating into wild communal frenzy is leading to widespread discontentment, mutual suspicion, and hatred. Cultural revivalism is manifesting itself in demand for political autonomy, protection of linguistic identity and preferential treatment in employment. An unethical policy of national integration together with the unresolved nationality question, and the number oriented decision making system of the polity has paved the way for the emergence of a number of armed groups competing with each other for territorial hegemony over the scarce resources.
This book was designed to compose some issues of pottery such as review of brief background about pottery origination, and the process of pottery production, as well the most significant theories have been taken in mind by ethno-archaeologists and scholars are interested in the field of pottery. In this book, our contributors are, Faeza Ahmed Al Dhamari, Dr. Sabzali Musa Kahn, Jaffri Hanafi and Dr. Nik Nairan Abdullah (University Teknologi MARA)
This case study explores the narratives of four women with the chronic autoimmune disease known as lupus. The author used participant observation in his role as Community Occupational Therapist (and son) to gain access to a convenience sample of four women diagnosed with lupus. He asked them to keep written diaries about their day-to-day experiences of living with the illness. These diaries were later given to the author to read, study and analyse. Additionally, the author’s personal ethnography as a son was submitted as data for this study. This ethnographic writing centred on the life of one sole informant, his mother, who later died with the disease whilst in the care of paid health professionals. The findings and conclusions from this study will have implications for future research projects into the social impact of living with Lupus.
Technical qualities, social, religious and ritual functions of pottery in the traditional society have been identified to be responsible for its survival in some communities in Igboland, in spite of the introduction of western technology and the attendant products such as plastic, enamel, aluminium, glass and modern pottery wares. However, it is yet to be examined how traditional potters from some communities have made certain changes on their pottery forms and decorations which in addition helped them to deal with the challenges posed by these products. Afikpo and Ishiagu are among communities in Igboland where such changes have been observed on pottery forms and decorations. This book provides an insight into the strategies which Afikpo and Ishiagu traditional potters used and still use to continue to keep their craft alive. The people discovered that some of the traditional pottery forms could as well serve as ornamental pieces in homes. Consequently, the potters embarked on re-designing and modification of some of their forms to fit into the new uses. With this the potters expanded their craft and created new market outlets which increased their chances of survival.
Pindar?s Verbal Art – An Ethnographic Study of Epinician Style
I conducted anthropological qualitative research an ethnographic descriptive holistic study of cattle decoration,and cattle herding community in Sindh Pakistan.The study attempted to look at the role of cattle in creating social,religious and economic relationship in the community.The study also looked at the various illnesses,folk healing methods,forecast,local perception of the cattle about the nature,season,cattle brand which determines the ownership right,foot prints,evil eye & cattle as a protector. Apart from this the book has revealed the major part of research on visual folk aesthetic of cattle decoration,representation of cattle in folk song,folk poetry,folk proverbs,folk tales,cultural sound and hearing of cattle bells.The study also explored that cattle are not just a food source of consumption,but a central factor in all aspects of their social cultural activities, role of kinship and social organization. The tradition of cattle decoration in Sindh construct cultural identification of the people, due to various factors,tradition of cattle decoration is disappearing in Sindh.No any one has preserved nor any anthropological work has been conducted in Sindh.
The purpose of this study was to examine the transition experience that students make by moving from a Montessori environment to a traditional educational setting. This study examined this transition through the perspective of the teacher. The backgrounds of the teachers interviewed included: 8th grade Montessori teachers, 9th grade teachers from each core subject area, a district Montessori coordinator, and a Montessori teacher trainer. The author used a qualitative approach in order to examine the underlying details of this experience. The conversations with the teachers revealed that this is a relatively smooth transition for Montessori students to make. Although the transition experience was successful, there were a few obstacles discovered that should be addressed. This study offers some recommendations to assist in eliminating these barriers. One limitation of this study is that it describes the transition experience from one small rural school district. However, it is believed that the results can be generalized to describe this transition in similar settings. With a limited number of Montessori high schools, this topic is deserving of further exploration.
This Study will investigate the extent to which ‘Peoples general perception about migration’ taking consideration of repressions from their household members that includes their house bands in Glaperchar a village in Comilla District of Bangladesh. Throughout the study, social and political meaning of such repression has been taken into account. Hence, the aim of this study is to find out the relationship between migration, remittance, economic solvency and vulnerability of a village in relation to simple statistical Mathematics where number of migrants mostly from Gulf region is observed. This will include simple statistical data to show that migration doesn’t necessarily mean that it will bring economic solidarity
The study has been conducted among women in North Kordofan in Western parts of Sudan and in Kassala State in Eastern parts mainly to highlight some of their traditional knowledge in livestock management with special reference to milk production and processing.Other important objectives of the research are to study how other surrounding factors (socio-economic) affect womens indigenous knowledge and whether there is any development agent play a role in documenting,validating and/or developing womens TK. Study findings showed that womens TK differs according to the different context where women live.Results obtained showed that women in the study areas have TK with respect to livestock management concerning animal health, breeding and nutrition as well as TK concerns milk processing to different milk products. However, study findings revealed that TK transfered to younger generations through elder women and rarely development agents have a role in transferring, documenting or validating women TK. So, it is highly recommended to carry on participatory, inclusive research with women in rural areas.The Exposture of women to process of S&T decision making at all levels is also vital.
Purpose: This research study was conducted to know the existing challenges faced by the pottery industries and to identify opportunities of the pottery industries in Nepal. Approach: This research was based on descriptive and analytical approach.Questionnaire,Interview and observation are the main tools to obtain quantitative and in-depth information.Primary and secondary sources of data were used to collect data. Findings: This study revealed that there is good opportunity in the pottery industry but the people involved in these industries are facing difficulties due to the shortage of raw materials, manpower, and lack of managerial skills. Implication: The findings in this study would help stakeholders to understand difficulties associated with this industry.It may be helpful to the concerned agency of government for the formulation of strategies to improve the management of pottery industry in Nepal.It deserves the attention of economists, planners, researchers and authorities concerned. Originality- This is fieldwork survey carried out within Bhaktapur and Madhyapur municipality of Nepal.
As women constitute half of the world population, it is essential to involve women in the decision making process. Participation of women in decision making at all levels is the need of the hour. Though women participation has been growing overtime,yet it is far from satisfactory level. In India, it is not only minimal rather very complex. As household is the basic unit of any economy,it becomes essential to examine the role of women in decision making within a household. Decisions of household ultimately affect the whole economy, therefore the present study tries to analyse basically the role of urban women in decision making in the household economy. It attempts to explain the role of urban working and non-working women in Karnal district of Haryana state from different dimensions. The study is basically descriptive and emphasis has been laid on status of women and comparative study of both the Categories. The study employs uniform disproportionate stratified sampling technique to collect relevant information. Fifty working and fifty Non-working women were selected as sample for the study. To analyse the urban women's decision making power, thirty major decision areas have been identified.
The livelihood of selling goods on street corners began centuries ago, but as the social needs, cultural relevance, and economic needs of individuals and groups involved in these sales changed from rural to urban and from a homogeneous to a heterogeneous population, so did the face of individuals referred to as “street hawkers”. The purpose of this study is to bring attention to and to carefully examine the lives of those persons living and selling newspapers on the streets of Newark, New Jersey. Due to loss of employment, drug addiction, mental disease, and insufficient income, in essence characteristics of the ghetto poor, Newark has seen a rise in a special population of urban survivors known as street hawkers.