Pottery-making in traditional manner is widely practiced in Wallaga. In the region, pottery is formed mainly by artisan women, who belong to a social class known as ogeyyii, meaning the skilled ones. The artisan women play a crucial role in the sustainable development through diversification of livelihood options. The techniques of pottery-making are guided by the spiritual and cultural interests of the society. However, the artisan women who had better socio-economic status in the society are currently under destitute socio-economic situation. Their economic status is adversely affected by factors that are challenging progress of the indigenous technology by disrupting artisans’ rural market. Oromia region is one of the centers of plant diversity in Ethiopia. In the Wallaga region of Oromia, there are several tuber crops believed to be indigenous. One of the tubers is anchote (Coccinia abyssinica), which forms part of the dietary staple mainly among the Oromo in Wallaga, Illubabor and Jimma of the Oromia Regional State.
The traditional way of making pottery has a very important role in the life of the Ethiopian society. This book tries to explain the traditional way of making pottery as well as the "new way" mechanized way of making pottery. A very detailed investigation has been done to understand the entire process of making pottery using both techniques. Hopefully this book will help our understanding of pottery work and the imagination behind it.
Pindar?s Verbal Art – An Ethnographic Study of Epinician Style
Technical qualities, social, religious and ritual functions of pottery in the traditional society have been identified to be responsible for its survival in some communities in Igboland, in spite of the introduction of western technology and the attendant products such as plastic, enamel, aluminium, glass and modern pottery wares. However, it is yet to be examined how traditional potters from some communities have made certain changes on their pottery forms and decorations which in addition helped them to deal with the challenges posed by these products. Afikpo and Ishiagu are among communities in Igboland where such changes have been observed on pottery forms and decorations. This book provides an insight into the strategies which Afikpo and Ishiagu traditional potters used and still use to continue to keep their craft alive. The people discovered that some of the traditional pottery forms could as well serve as ornamental pieces in homes. Consequently, the potters embarked on re-designing and modification of some of their forms to fit into the new uses. With this the potters expanded their craft and created new market outlets which increased their chances of survival.
This book was designed to compose some issues of pottery such as review of brief background about pottery origination, and the process of pottery production, as well the most significant theories have been taken in mind by ethno-archaeologists and scholars are interested in the field of pottery. In this book, our contributors are, Faeza Ahmed Al Dhamari, Dr. Sabzali Musa Kahn, Jaffri Hanafi and Dr. Nik Nairan Abdullah (University Teknologi MARA)
As women constitute half of the world population, it is essential to involve women in the decision making process. Participation of women in decision making at all levels is the need of the hour. Though women participation has been growing overtime,yet it is far from satisfactory level. In India, it is not only minimal rather very complex. As household is the basic unit of any economy,it becomes essential to examine the role of women in decision making within a household. Decisions of household ultimately affect the whole economy, therefore the present study tries to analyse basically the role of urban women in decision making in the household economy. It attempts to explain the role of urban working and non-working women in Karnal district of Haryana state from different dimensions. The study is basically descriptive and emphasis has been laid on status of women and comparative study of both the Categories. The study employs uniform disproportionate stratified sampling technique to collect relevant information. Fifty working and fifty Non-working women were selected as sample for the study. To analyse the urban women's decision making power, thirty major decision areas have been identified.
This study examined the determinants of effective implementation of Artisan and Craft courses in Catholic sponsored community colleges in Nairobi region, Kenya. The study was underpinned in two theoretical orientations and adopted the mixed methods research design. The study sample comprised 18 Artisan and Craft teachers and 172 Artisan and Craft students and four directors of Catholic sponsored community colleges. The study triangulated questionnaires and interview guides which were content-and face-validated and reliability was determined using Cronbach’s alpha. The study established that attitude of teachers and students, teaching strategies, adequacy of teaching and learning resources, teacher motivation, teaching workload and attending of in-service courses had a high influence on the implementation of Artisan and Craft curriculum. On the contrary, industrial attachment, field practice and college-community collaborations were found to have a low influence on the implementation of Artisan and Craft curriculum.
This study aims to seek the determinants of the reproductive health status of the married women in three slums Khulna City in Bangladesh.In the analysis of the determinants of the reproductive health status of the married women the study has focused on some specific factors that affect the distribution of reproductive health problems on the married women in these slums. The findings of this study explicate that the majority of the women in study area were not aware about reproductive health as patriarchal society and traditional beliefs lay them behind.
It is a painstaking study on Empowerment of women with a focus on Economic Empowerment of Women. The concept of ‘Empowerment’ in India in the earlier days focused mainly on economic empowerment. This study brings out the empowerment aspect using the traditional activity of women – dairying. The Dairy development as a tool of economic empowerment emerged first in Gujarat. Among the southern states, Andhra Pradesh is a leader in Dairying activity. The author has rightly chosen a comparative study of dairy development as a means of Economic Empowerment of women taking Anand district in Gujarat and Chittoor district in Andhra Pradesh. This pioneering study leads the way for many future studies where the traditional occupation of women like agriculture and sericulture can be used as a tool for empowering women economically. The economic empowerment leads the way to social empowerment and political empowerment.
Purpose: This research study was conducted to know the existing challenges faced by the pottery industries and to identify opportunities of the pottery industries in Nepal. Approach: This research was based on descriptive and analytical approach.Questionnaire,Interview and observation are the main tools to obtain quantitative and in-depth information.Primary and secondary sources of data were used to collect data. Findings: This study revealed that there is good opportunity in the pottery industry but the people involved in these industries are facing difficulties due to the shortage of raw materials, manpower, and lack of managerial skills. Implication: The findings in this study would help stakeholders to understand difficulties associated with this industry.It may be helpful to the concerned agency of government for the formulation of strategies to improve the management of pottery industry in Nepal.It deserves the attention of economists, planners, researchers and authorities concerned. Originality- This is fieldwork survey carried out within Bhaktapur and Madhyapur municipality of Nepal.
The study has been conducted among women in North Kordofan in Western parts of Sudan and in Kassala State in Eastern parts mainly to highlight some of their traditional knowledge in livestock management with special reference to milk production and processing.Other important objectives of the research are to study how other surrounding factors (socio-economic) affect womens indigenous knowledge and whether there is any development agent play a role in documenting,validating and/or developing womens TK. Study findings showed that womens TK differs according to the different context where women live.Results obtained showed that women in the study areas have TK with respect to livestock management concerning animal health, breeding and nutrition as well as TK concerns milk processing to different milk products. However, study findings revealed that TK transfered to younger generations through elder women and rarely development agents have a role in transferring, documenting or validating women TK. So, it is highly recommended to carry on participatory, inclusive research with women in rural areas.The Exposture of women to process of S&T decision making at all levels is also vital.