This study investigates the process of the legislative reforms in Turkey between 1998 and 2005 in the context of gender mainstreaming. To illustrate the process, descriptively, the actors behind the amendments in the Turkish Constitution, Civil Code, Penal Code, Labor Law and the Law on the Protection of the Family are investigated based on the “Gender and Development” approach. The study exposes that international organizations (EU and UN), women’s activism and state are incredibly influential in the process of the legislation stage of gender mainstreaming. The legislation stage of gender mainstreaming has been almost eventuated in Turkey, however, the second stage, which is institutionalization stage, has just started to be implemented. This study looks through the process using the "three legged correspondence".
This book is an outcome of seminar papers to be presented in the seminar on Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment. The book covers conceptual analysis of Women Empowerment, Gender Mainstreaming and its operational framework in terms of constitutional commitments, legal safeguards, policies, programs and outcomes which are in the forms of social, political, economic, as well as cultural empowerment. The book is useful for the educators, researchers, planners, policy makers and activists.
Gender is a key analytic category for understanding global economic processes and gender mainstreaming is the core strategy to eliminate gender inequalities and which in turn helps to ensure sustainable development in a given country. Ethiopia is signatory to various gender conventions and declarations. Much progress has been achieved in terms of building, generating political will, and establishing institutional arrangements; but practical implementation of gender mainstreaming remains a challenge. This study was undertaken in Fogera Woreda of Amhara National Regional State and has been designed to heave light on the existing Gender Mainstreaming in Agricultural Extension. Assess the current status of gender mainstreaming in agricultural extension was the focus of this study. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used to obtain reliable information from primary and secondary sources. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were described, interpreted and appreciated. In this study, variations were observed between MHH, FHH and female in MHHs in terms of participation in different development processes and decision making.
The present book is an initiative to bring out the innovative ideas of authors and scholars in Women present situation, gender issues, mainstreaming of women in different organization and department, its strategy and stakeholders and way to go ahead.In this book total 41 papers were included in this Book, which is written by 47 Universities all rank of professors, Research Scholars and Non Profit Organisations personals; this book is divided into Four Part parts. These papers are related with themes of explaining the conceptual framework of gender mainstreaming and women Empowerment, policies and programs of gender mainstreaming, strategies, stakeholders, problems and ways to go ahead and few Case Studies related to Women Empowerment and Gender Mainstreaming. It is hoped this book will be useful for researchers, Students, Academicians, NGOs personal working on Women issues, freelancer, women activists, subject experts and policy makers and all the politicians.
Assessment of gender mainstreaming has been done for years but is being reviewed through the lens of results-based management. On the area of employment, the informal economy retains more and more attention because of its capacity to absorb labour. Its gendered dimension and the promises of entrepreneurship have put small enterprises as a one of ILO's interests. Microfinance has been encouraged for being empowering for women. Yet, gender inequalities remains but the political engagement of actors and the new performance management tools in place hold a great potential for change. This study explores how gender performances can be enhanced by using indicators that capture the quantitative and the qualitative transformations and why the techniques can be appealing to address other aspects of gender like the dynamics of gender relations.
Gender inequality remains the greatest challenge for many societies and this has implications for the sustainable development and well-being of societies. There exists gender inequalities with regards to access to resources such as land, healthcare, credit, information, education and decision-making power between races and between the sexes. The advent of democracy brought freedom for all South Africans and the new government understood gender inequality as a deterrent to the achievement of sustainable development for all and the building of a democratic state. The National Policy Framework for Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equality provides a roadmap through which gender should be mainstreamed within government and elsewhere, towards achieving the goal of gender equality. This analysis specifically looked at the conceptualization, management and structures in place for gender mainstreaming. The findings indicate that the implementation of gender mainstreaming is varied in the Department, with considerable success towards the attainment of employment equity target of 50/50 women representation in senior management.
Although the civil war affects civilians, its impacts men and women in different ways, and it influence their gender roles and responsibilities. Comparatively little attention has been given to accessing the gender sensitivity of international organizations who implement post-conflict reconstruction programs. The different social, economic and political dimensions of war to peace transitions, and how they impact on gender relations, can shed some light on the complicated intersections of needs and interests in war torn societies. An examination of the policies of World Bank reveals that there is relatively little gender mainstreaming within their post-conflict operations. This research finds that lack of resources and coordination, the failure to build on local capacities, and a lack of commitment to gender mainstreaming are the main obstacles organizations face. To improve the situation it is recommended that organizations develop and use a ‘gender checklist'' at all stages of project planning, implementation and monitoring to ensure increased gender sensitivity in post-conflict programming.
Information Technology is an industry where women are supposed to stand shoulder to shoulder with the men. What is it that keeps women from making it to the top rung of authority in the country’s IT sector? Is it the IT sector that has not recognized and rewarded women well enough for their efforts? In view of the above comments and observations, the present study addresses the problem of gender mainstreaming in IT sector.
Concern Worldwide, an International NGO, has worked in Zambia in partnership with the Mongu Farmers Association (MDFA) since 2002 to improve the livelihood security of men and women in rural Mongu district of Zambia. The book shows levels of women’s and men’s participation in the project regarding labour input and decision-making power, benefits enjoyed and the gender specific factors responsible. Women’s participation in Concern Worldwide project activities and enjoyment of benefits was lower compared to the men. Majority of men had access to information on project activities, run the project and earned high status and prestige in the community. The gendered outcomes are attributed to some cultural beliefs and attitudes in the community favourable to men but restrictive to women; gender imbalance and insensitivity in the executive committees; low education among women; lack of a gender mainstreaming strategy to address gender issues that constrained women’s participation; and poor communication skills among the MDFA leadership. The book recommends that organisations involved in livelihoods take a gender mainstreaming approach in implementing poverty reduction programmes.
Cooperatives are expected to execute those cooperatives principles, values and ethics because cooperatives are considered as a democratic organization and there is no artificial discrimination of members like gender within the cooperatives based on this theoretical perspective this research is published. The research pinpoint all the independent variables to measure Gender and the participation of both men and women in cooperatives and to identify gender gap if their is. The research emphasis on the socio-economic and decision making patterns of cooperatives in promoting gender equality. In addition to this it describes the gender mainstreaming practice and gender gap in cooperatives, finally it shows those factors that affect gender equality in cooperatives since cooperatives are democratic organization and they provide recommendations for the betterment of cooperatives in gender equality.
This study aims to identify and analyze gender differences in education and their trends in time, with an emphasis on academic achievements. The study also aims to analyze the situation of education in Albanian in gender perspective, through secondary analysis of statistical data in the education sector, based on harmonized indicators of gender equality and women's status in Albania and findings from the analysis, evaluation reports and on national studies in this field. To fulfill the goals and objectives of this research, as well as to address the research questions of the study, a mixed methodological approach (mixed) was employed. Gender mainstreaming in education field means more than simply achieving equal numbers of women and men, girls and boys in the education system. It also includes policy changes and changes in institutions in order to support gender equality. In this way, gender mainstreaming will bring new dimensions to the education system which, very likely, will require changes in the philosophy of educational programs, management style and operational strategies at the local level.
This book analyzes the impact of 33% quota for women in local government on women empowerment in Pakistan. Examining the advances made and hurdles faced by women councillors, certain obstacles are identified, which help explain why efforts for mainstreaming gender are not changing gender inequality patterns and reducing gender gaps in Pakistan. Future strategies are proposed for enhancing the impact of women’s political participation on women empowerment by institutional transformation.
"This fascinating study is one of the first to subject community development interventions in China, which espouse ‘gender mainstreaming’, ‘empowerment’ and ‘participation,’ to rigorous critique. Drawing on ethnographic research into one community development project conducted in three villages, the book provides a wonderfully rich and nuanced picture of the complicated relationship between external development interventions, local gender and other power relations, and social change. It will provide much food for thought for scholars, students and development activists interested in gender, community development and China." Tamara Jacka, Senior Fellow, Australian National University
Men and women are involved in agriculture at different levels and in different ways in both urban and rural areas. In Africa, 80% of the agricultural production comes from small farmers, who are mostly rural women. Among the key highlights of this book is that women are invisible significant actors in the horticulture industry in Kenya but are shockingly rather employed on casual basis or on short seasonal contracts. This study offers new knowledge on gender and entrepreneurship as a crucial area for understanding societal dynamics hence aid in the process of designing policies that will help in the growth of the sector and contribute towards gender mainstreaming.