An authoritative guide to the epidemiology, incidence, testing and diagnosis and management of HIV and AIDS. From an international expert editor and contributor team, this new sixth edition includes expanded coverage of HIV testing, assessment and routine follow up and new chapters outlining problematic conditions associated with HIV and AIDS. Prevention strategies, early diagnosis and antiretroviral drugs and pharmacotherapy are covered in detail as well as children and women with HIV. It also addresses key psychological and mental health issues, patient perspectives and the role of patient engagement. As knowledge into the illness grows and major advances in HIV therapy see more people living with HIV in the community, the ABC of HIV and AIDS, 6e provides clear practical guidance for general practitioners, hospital doctors, nurses, medical students, counsellors, allied health workers and anyone working and caring for patients with HIV and AIDS.
HIV/AIDS counseling service is one of an entry point to HIV preventions. In Ethiopia HIV counseling service began in the late 1980s. But up until now only a small percentage of those with HIV/AIDS have had access to reliable VCT service. The book mainly categorized into five chapters mainly dealing about introduction, review of related literature, results and discussions. The author of this book believed that the book will give an insight about the practices and problems of HIV /AIDS counseling service in developing countries like Ethiopia. It is also believed that it will be important for those who are working on HIV/AIDS prevention and specifically to those who are working on HIV /AIDS counseling.
Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2012 in the subject Social Pedagogy / Social Work, grade: Passed, University of Leeds (School of Education), course: PhD in Science Education, language: English, abstract: The needs of young people in classroom based HIV/AIDS Education in Malawi, the extent to which current classroom practices respond to these needs, and the factors influencing these responses have been explored using questionnaires, interviews, lesson observations, and document analysis.In contrast to previously reported literature on HIV/AIDS Education in Malawi, the present study has drawn pupils' needs directly from the pupils' themselves, focussed on classroom practice, and triangulated the various data sets to give a comprehensive picture of HIV/AIDS Education in Malawi.Pupils identified a need for open discussion climates on HIV/AIDS issues despite a conservative cultural and religious adult world that is not open. They also identified a need for explicit and accurate knowledge on HIV/AIDS issues, opportunities to acquire behavioural skills for HIV prevention, and involvement of external speakers.The needs of the pupils have not been adequately addressed by the current classroom practice. Factors which influenced this can be linked to lack of policies that are responsive to culture and religion, ineffective and inadequate teaching policy guidelines, and lack of a policy prioritizing HIV/AIDS education by making it examinable. The findings suggest tha...
The book provides a systematic analysis of the prevalence of HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination among students at Great Zimbabwe University (GZU) by focusing on their causes, forms, contexts and impact. It examines how stigma and discrimination in a higher institution of learning are exacerbating HIV and AIDS epidemic among the youths. Those on Anti-Retroviral Therapy cannot publicly take their medication as those suffering from Diabetes or Blood Pressure. Hence, the work is partially a response to the clarion call that 'We can't be silent' on HIV and AIDS epidemic or even do contemporary education without engaging with the HIV epidemic. At GZU, the problem is still an incipient concrete existential reality that should be nipped in the bud.
The study analyses the Shona cultural measures to arrest the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe. To some extent, conventional therapy to the cure of HIV and AIDS is still flawed though some significant progress has been made in coming up with life-prolonging Anti-retroviral drugs. We contend that discourses about mitigating the AIDS epidemic must take the cultural-epidemiological approach to compliment efforts that modern medical technology has done towards finding a cure to the epidemic.
The impact of HIV/AIDS goes beyond individuals infected with the pandemic to reach broadly into the society, both disrupting the functioning of communities and complicating prevention and its treatment. Given the increased quality and length of life of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), many organizations are faced with the challenge of accommodating PLWHAs. This study focused on the perceptions of employees towards working with HIV/AIDS infected co-workers at Fedics Food Services in Eastern Cape. The study was done to shade light on the willingness of employees to work with HIV/AIDS colleagues regardless of whether they exist in the organization or not. The study was a quantitative research whereby self administered questionnaires were distributed to respondents. Descriptive data analysis was used to establish employee perceptions on HIV/AIDS and the chi-square was used to determine the levels of significance of each response. The results showed that employees at Fedics Food services were willing to work with HIV/AIDS infected co-workers.
The study on the impact of HIV/AIDS on the livestock-producing communities of Uganda was carried out in Kashumba and Moyo sub counties. There was no clear data that supported the impact of HIV/AIDS on livestock producing communities on labour, decision-making, grazing and watering time and factors that aggravated its effects. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaire,focus group discussion, observation guides and review of secondary data. The study showed that there was reduction in the availability of labour for grazing and watering livestock in both Moyo and Kashumba; There was shift in decision-making and implementation from ailing household heads to selected household members. There was significant negative changes in livestock grazing and sale of livestock products in households affected by HIV/AIDS compared to those non affected. Furthermore, there was reduction in grazing and watering time for livestock activities. It was observed that daily animal source foods reduced in the affected households. The study recommended that HIV/AIDS mitigation measures be intergrated in the livestock sector plans that will create HIV/AIDS competent communities in Uganda.
HIV & AIDS together constitute one of the most serious challenges to human life in our time. The consequences are often grave for individuals, families, whole communities and nations. How can Christians respond to this worldwide problem? This book is designed to equip church leaders and their communities with the means to save, protect and prolong lives, and, above all, enable people to live positively in the face of the HIV & AIDS epidemic. The authors forcefully argue this involvement to be seen, not as an additional activity to ministry, but as a calling that enriches ministry's essential meaning and value. Byamugisha's straightforward explanation of HIV & AIDS and suggestions for Christian responses are complemented by case studies from around the globe.
Patients suffering from HIV/AIDS often experience chronic pain due to the many diseases and infections they pick up as a result of a weakened immune system. It interferes with their quality of life and physical functioning, impacts adherence to antiretroviral therapy and HIV primary care, and is associated with significant psychological/social distress and substance use disorders. Chronic Pain and HIV addresses all these complex issues that can influence pain care that can influence pain care for the patient with HIV and acts both as a primer and a comprehensive review to define the field of chronic pain management. Using a clear, clinical approach, key topics include the following: Musculoskeletal pain in individuals in HIV Headache in individuals with HIV Psychiatric comorbidities among individuals with HIV and chronic pain Potential benefit and harm of prescription opioids in HIV Pain at the end of life in individuals with AIDS Treatment of chronic pain syndromes in the HIV-infected person. Edited by an outstanding team with extensive experience in HIV/AIDS and pain/palliative care, every chapter is written by a world-famous expert in their field who provides a thorough review of the relevant literature, including the very latest in management guidelines from the leading international societies. Perfect for all those in primary care, as well as infectious disease specialists managing patients with HIV/AIDS, Chronic Pain and HIV provides sensible, straightforward clinical advice to ensure the best possible patient management.
Spiritual help for HIV/AIDS without judgment or preaching. HIV is still spreading in our community! After a family member is diagnosed with HIV or AIDS you need something besides preaching. This book is the place to start. When we learn that someone has HIV or AIDS it is hard to know where to start. We feel isolated, insignificant, and cut off from God--spiritual distress. We have to deal with these feelings and also give our loved ones attention and care. No matter what your denomination, race, or religion, this book will help you with practical and spiritual information without judgment or preaching. Your Sister, Your Brother, Your Neighbor Has AIDS includes information about HIV/AIDS, scriptures to guide you, journal pages, and prayers. Let the comforting wisdom of an experienced HIV/AIDS pastor bring you solace as you care for family and loved ones who are living with this disease.
AIDS is a contagious disease, currently incurable. Dozens of millions of HIV-positive are already registered worldwide, and each year this number grows. In recent years, AIDS/HIV became a major problem both for people from «risk groups», and for ordinary people. The book gives a number of important recommendations on how to suppress further expansion of this dangerous disease.
This book is based on study of HIV and AIDS pandemic conducted among primary school adolescents with hearing impairment in central province of Kenya.The study in its general objective sought to establish the level of HIV and AIDS awareness among the pupils. The study design used was survey. A questionnaire consisting of 37 questions was used to solicit information required from the respondents. Data obtained was analysed using descriptive statistic.Frequency distribution tables,pie charts and bar graphs were used in the presentation of the results and percentages calculated to determine the level of awareness. Among findings, it was shocking to establish that 11.8% of pupils with hearing impairments did not know the disease by the name AIDS. compared to a similar study by Mando (2005), among hearing pupils, only 0.6% of them did not know that there exists a disease by the name AIDS. There is therefore , a significant difference in the level of HIV and AIDS awareness between the hearing and hearing impaired adolescents.
Human security is presented as different from traditional security in that the later seeks to protect nations from external threats while the former seeks to protect people from both external and internal threats such as threats of chronic diseases, hunger, unemployment, crimes, social conflicts, political repressions, environmental hazards and HIV/AIDS. Human security was assessed in light of the seven areas of threats to human security which are economic, food, health, environment, personal, community, and political security. Four major themes emanated from this research these being: the financial, health, nutritional and societal impacts of HIV/AIDS on the households in Bulawayo, chief of these being the financial impact in form of increased expenditure, reduced income and diverted investments of households.
Mental health and HIV/AIDS are closely interlinked. Mental disorders, including substance-use disorders, are associated with increased risk of HIV infection and affect adherence to and efficacy of antiretroviral treatments. Conversely, HIV infection can increase risk for neuropsychiatric complications including stress, mood, and neurocognitive disorders. This book provides clinicians with a comprehensive evidenced-based and practical approach to the management of patients with HIV infection and co-morbid mental disorders. It provides up-to-date and clear overviews of current clinical issues, as well as the relevant basic science. Information and data from studies of different HIV groups (eg men who have sex with men) make the text relevant to a broad spectrum of clinicians, including those working with low socioeconomic status groups in high income countries and those working in the developing world. The book uses the popular format of the World Psychiatric Association’s Evidence and Experience series. Review chapters summarize the evidence on the epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical aspects of mental disorders in HIV,and interventions (both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology including drug-drug interactions). These are complemented by commentaries addressing particular facets of each topic and providing insight gained from clinical experience. Psychiatrists, psychologists and all mental health staff working with HIV-infected patients will find this book of great benefit.