This study was done to assess the accessibility to, perceptions on and preferences for HIV-related health education among Myanmar migrant workers in Ranong, Thailand. Structured questionnaire and an open-ended question were used, and 357 subjects were interviewed. Non-parametric tests and bivariate correlation were used for hypothesis testing. In all, 245 workers (68.6%) had received HIV education. Longer length of stay in Ranong was associated with greater access, but youth had less access than others. There was no significant difference in access when comparing the high-risk occupational groups with others, but they had more frequent access than others. Regarding perceptions, only 6.2% agreed that they had adequate access, and also only 11.6% were satisfied with level of access. However, all believed that HIV/AIDS is an important matter. All preferred participatory types of HIV-related education over non-participatory ones. This preference was significantly stronger in the high- risk groups than in others. In addition, the majority of the supplementary qualitative information from the open-ended question reinforced the quantitative findings of the study.
HIV/AIDS results in disability and morbidity including muscle wasting and weakness, fatigue, impaired functional and work capacity, depression, and decreased quality of life. The mechanism explaining the relationship between exercise capacity and Health-related Quality of Life of persons living with HIV/AIDS is still obscure. An assessment of exercise capacity and the factors that may influence the outcome of exercise in persons living with HIV/AIDS are required in designing an exercise program. This book presents a study on the relationship between the exercise capacity and Health-related Quality of Life of persons living with HIV/AIDS and apparently healthy controls.
Research findings confirmed universities'' campuses in Africa constitute a potentially fertile breeding ground for HIV & AIDS. Higher health education institutions in particular have two major responsibilities in the prevention of HIV. They must protect themselves from infection in the one hand and must gear themselves to respond more dynamically to the needs of an HIV and AIDS-infected society in the other hand. This study tried to investigate the prospect & challenges of private health colleges against HIV and AIDS through effective mainstreaming approach to respond the pandemic which is the most tragic not only health problems of our days but also the most development challenge of a country in most African countries including Ethiopia.
This study presents an evaluation of an incentive-based SMS quiz approach designed to improve awareness of HIV and AIDS in Mbarara District, Western Uganda. The goal of deploying HIV and AIDS related quizzes to the target population is to increase people‘s awareness and knowledge about the disease, to promote their healthy behaviour and to encourage them to know their health status and seek treatment if necessary.
HIV/AIDS leads to a wide spectrum of physical, psychological, social, emotional and economical toll on the sufferer. Discrimination and stigmatization consequent to infection of HIV/AIDS is widespread among families, communities and health-care providers. HIV/AIDS related stigma from health-care workers is a major barrier to effective responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The quality of care given by health-care workers to people living with HIV/AIDS is influenced by their knowledge, attitudes and willingness. Despite the emerging role of physical therapists for people living with HIV/AIDS, there is little information on their knowledge, attitudes and willingness to take care people living with HIV/AIDS. This book presents an assessment of knowledge, attitude and willingness to provide care for people living with HIV/AIDS among physical therapists.
Based on the findings the following recommendations are forwarded: •BCC/IEC activities should be strengthened by wereda health office wereda HAPCO and other organizations working on HIV/AIDS, through health education to promote VCT service utilization, to increase knowledge of HIV/AIDS and to reduce stigma and discrimination. •Home based HIV counselling and testing should be implemented by wereda health office, wereda HAPCO and other organizations working on HIV/AIDS by integrating to existing Health Extension Package. •Other study should be conducted on feasibility and acceptability of HBVCT while implementing home based HIV counseling and testing in the study area. •Home based HIV counseling and testing should be implemented at weekends and holidays so as consider participants needs and so as to get majority family members at home.
HIV/AIDS continues to wreck havoc in all aspects of human life in Africa. Since medically there is still no cure for AIDS, the role of education has become the singular tool for both prevention and understanding of the disease. Health education approaches hold promise for minimizing the effects of HIV/AIDS on families, communities and nations. This book therefore provides the adult educator, health educator, community health educator and public health practitioner approaches to engage communities in learning to change their sexual practices to fight the increasing menace of HIV/AIDS in contemporary African societies. Health anthropologists,Cultural and Religious scholars, Gender advocates, Health educators, Adult educators, Community Development and Social workers will find this book valuable in their work with communities coping with the devastation of HIV/AIDS. Introductory college courses in public health, community health, and adult learning will benefit immensely from this book.
HIV/AIDS Communication Handbook is a communication and media management resource tool for governmental and non-governmental organizations involved in community mobilization, advocacy and behaviour change programmes, especially in the area of health/HIV/AIDS. The author borrows from his rich research on HIV/AIDS communication in Nigeria to present a globally applicable programmatic communication guide for Government institutions, non-governmental organizations,private sector organizations, community based organizations, faith-based organizations, civil society organizations and international agencies into health-related programmes. The book provides a theoretical foundation and practical assistance for a resulted-oriented communication in health programming using copious examples from successful and failed interventions around the world. The author also exposes his own systemic model - the Octopus HIV/AIDS Communication Model - for HIV/AIDS programming.
The aim of this research is to assess the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and its risk factors, attitude towards HIV/AIDS and AIDS patients and its transmission and to identify high risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDS among university students in Xinjiang. A cross–sectional survey was conducted among students enrolled Xingjiang University and Xinjiang Medical University. Data was collected using self-administered standardized questionnaire on KAP re HIV/AIDS among 400 students. Mean knowledge scores is significantly different by ethnicity, sex, subject major, and year of study in university. Only 33.3% of the respondents had positive attitude towards HIV/AIDS patient. With regards high risk behavior associated with HIV transmission, 15.8% had at least 1 risk behavior related to unprotected sexual exposure Conclusion: HIV/AIDS health education efforts should be intensified in non-medical universities, among female, first year and Uyghur and other minorities’ students. About two-thirds of the students had negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS and HIV/AIDS patients. Around 15% of these students reported having at least 1 high risk behavior related to unprotected sex
This Health Education Curriculum was borne out of the need to encourage interventions that could eliminate the public health problem of HIV/AIDS’ among adolescents and it took cognizance of the fact that health education could not be said to have occurred unless there is an accompanying change in behavior. For expected change in behavior, the multifaceted conditions that influence behavior must be addressed. The curriculum was developed with particular attention to health education concepts, assumptions and components. Furthermore, several relevant behavioural theories guided the intervention study and lent support as the bedrock for the curriculum. Apart from the aforementioned components, the intervention features that guided the development of the curriculum was the inclusion of parents or guardians (significant persons) in the study, involvement of modeling and demonstrations as health education strategies instead of over-emphasis in only cognitive learning. It is therefore my greatest desire that this hand-book will be of immense benefit to all who are interested in preventive interventions and in spreading the message of HIV/AIDS’ prevention and control
Communication about sexual health as means of promoting safer sex is particularly important to young people who are mostly at risk of STI and HIV infections. This research based work examine the effects of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and perceived self-efficacy related to practices of protective sexual behaviors on communication about sexual health among young partners selected from Teachers Training college in Mbeya, Tanzania. Participants of this work demonstrated high knowledge about HIV/AIDS and perceived self-efficacy related to practices of protective sexual behaviour. However, their communication about sexual health with their sex partners was found to be very low. This work also revealed that while knowledge about HIV/AIDS was not a statistically significant predictor of communication about sexual health, perceived self-efficacy was. The prevalence of low communication about sexual health among participants suggested that there is a need for examining and reviewing both the content and the process of HIV/AIDS school/college based programmes so as include aspects of sexual health communication as part of their components.
Despite high level of HIV/AIDS knowledge, almost all still fails to take precautions against contracting the virus. HIV/AIDS education was integrated for more than a decade into school adolescents'' sexual and reproductive health education so as to track behaviour. However, persistent denial in change of behaviour has exacerbated the expanding horizon of HIV/AIDS. This study examines the integrated early school adolescents'' sexual and reproductive health (HIV/AIDS) education and determines some prognostic factors which may cause denial of change of behaviour in their late adolescent and adulthood life. A cross-sectional study inquiring into determinants, comparisons and correlates of knowledge, attitudes and practice was conducted. A multi-system perspective, an approach that focuses on the reciprocal relations among the students, the teachers and teaching-learning materials on the domains of learning was employed. The findings emphasis on the significance of providing competent HIV/AIDS education which enhance domains of learing, with specific attention to practical skills, and hence their synergy augments practical behaviour.
Studies have shown that HIV/AIDS remains a major public health challenge worldwide and the adoption of preventive health behaviour holds the key to its control. Little is known, however, about the typology of preventive health behaviour adopted by undergraduates of the University of Ibadan against the disease condition. This study, therefore determined the pattern and types of HIV preventive health behaviour among undergraduates of the University. The study was cross-sectional in design. A two-stage sampling procedure was used to randomly select 400 students from the Faculties of Pharmacy, the Social Sciences, Arts and Dentistry out of the thirteen Faculties in the university. A validated questionnaire which assessed the students’ preventive health behaviour and the antecedent factors was used for data collection. The prevalence of the adoption of each of the types of HIV preventive health behaviour among the participants was low in spite of their general high level of knowledge of the disease. Health education strategies such as peer education, social marketing and advocacy are needed to promote the adoption of preventive health behaviour among young persons.
Based on solid qualitative and quantitative data, this book examines the effect of an HIV peer education program for adolescents in Yi minority rural communities in Southwest China, and delineates factors affecting the implementation of the project in a local community with their own traditional organizations, marriage institutions and medical beliefs. The author provides unique insights in conducting HIV prevention in ethnic minority population with perspectives of both anthropology and public health.