This book is comprehensive work on Management and Utilization of Water Resources in Maharashtra. Therefore an attempt has been made to study in this book water management planning, Benefits of Good Water Management Planning, Development of a Water Management Plan, International Water Management And Utilization Density of Water in Relation to Temperature. The present book also focuses on water management and utilization in India. This book has shown some important policy implication. This book is useful to researchers and policy makers.
Due to population growth, industrialization and urbanization, problems arise with drinking water supply, wastewater treatment and overall sanitary conditions. These negative aspects may restrict livelihood and the social and economic growth in the tropical monsoon region. This study was conducted with the goal of building a scientific basis for integrated water resources management for small and medium river basins in the trend of rapid economic growth but uneven distribution of water resources and may suffer adverse effects such as climate change in the future.
Water resources planning and development is broadly concerned with the accurate assessment, identification and management of water from different sources for the welfare of the human being. In this work entitled “Planning for development of water resources of Maner River basin”, an attempt has been made to assess the surface water potential of the Maner basin and to determine the optimal annual yields by simultaneously optimizing the cropping pattern for each major and medium projects at the same time,satisfying the project specific demands to the maximum possible extent during a successful year. System analysis techniques are widely used in the field of water resources planning and management. Linear Programming (LP) based models can handle a very large number of decision variables and constraints which are generally encountered during the studies on river basins. The integrated reservoir yield model, an implicit stochastic LP based model, is applied to assess the optimal annual multi-yields with specific reliabilities and to determine the optimal cropping plan of the projects of the Maner basin. This book is useful for Students and engineers of water resources engineering field.
A river basin has a definite potential of water resources. Normally, the water resources projects are conceived in isolated manner. In such approach the planning for that particular water resources project may be sufficient and technically viable but it is quite possible that the project may influence adversely to other downstream projects. To avoid such scenario which may lead to failure of existing projects, an integrated river basin planning is essential and inevitable. Present book exhibits application of ARC GIS for integrated planning of Beda river sub-basin (India). A number of possible project sites and evaluation of possible capacities of the reservoirs has been carried out. A parametric evaluation of different possible alternatives of water resources projects has been presented. Based on the defined objectives and requirements the best alternative planning can be chosen. This book envisages that the river basin planning should be carried out in totality & in integrated manner. It is believe of the authors that this will helpful to the water resources planners and provide a direction to the researchers in this domain.
Natural resources like land, water and vegetation are influenced by various anthropogenic processes leading to their degradation. Degradation of natural resources became a regular phenomenon with the increasing pressure of population on these resources. The excessive exploitation of natural resources adversely affects the availability and quality of these resources and cause serious threat to the existing eco-system. However, natural resources are getting degraded, posing a serious ecological problem. Watershed management and Rain water Harvesting has emerged as a new paradigm for planning, development and management of natural resources. Rain water harvesting is one of the important technique of watershed management. It is the collection and storage of rain water by some mechanism to make water available for future use. Geoinformatic technology plays a crucial role in Watershed management. Remote sensing information with wide spatial coverage and GIS analysis can be a vital input for integrated watershed development. Here, an attempt has been made to apply the Geoinformatic techniques for natural resource management of Dudhganga basin.
Traditional Water management practices in many developing countries particularly in urban areas have been challenging because they are ill-coordinated and ill-managed. Traditional water conservation and management practices in most developing countries still give much focus for the supply side of water management, ignoring the root cause for the poor water resource management performance, that is, lack of a comprehensive water resources management framework (Khatriand Vairavamoorthy, 2007). As a result, water resources are highly polluted and depleted, and environmental and sanitation related problems are widespread. In response to this, nowadays, the issue of water conservation and management is becoming the top priority agenda for International Organizations and public governments. So, this work is really an interesting piece of my original work and very helpful for those policy makers, students who are really interesting in conducting research in water resources conservation and management, water resource managers and urban planner to review and understand an integrated management side of water.
Agricultural Engineer / M.Sc. in Water Resources Management with more than five (5) Years experience in the Field of Water Resources, Hydrology, Hydraulics, Pressurized irrigation and Ground Water Engineering including Field Survey, Planning, Investigations, Designing, Construction Supervision, Management and preparation of progress reports showing physical and financial progress and schedules.
The recognition of the importance of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is largely in response to addressing the ever-increasing limited water quality and quantity problems that the world faces. Whereas officially, the United Nations through the Global Water Partnership (GWP) has endorsed IWRM as the best means to water resources management, lessons learnt from implementation to date, suggest the need to highlight the planning process more than the plan itself. The methodological synthesis of the study incorporates ideas from broad theoretical areas covering ecological, economics, community and change management settings to inform the design of what is described as the appreciative systems planning (ASP) methodology used in this book. The major contribution of this book is the design of a framework to overcome the dilemma of facilitating stakeholder involvement in IWRM planning processes. Of particular importance is the explicit focus on the connection between social, economic and environmental dimensions in decision-making that the water resources issues represent.
Declining water level due to over-exploitation has become an important issue in many places of India. The application of the integrated hydrogeological investigations and multivariate statistical approach for the interpretation of small and complex data-matrix from water level conditions provides an important input into the best water resources management strategy. This book presents the necessity and usefulness of integrated hydrogeological studies and multivariate statistical assessments to get better information about the water level fluctuation, the consumption and management of the resources in environmentally sensitive areas.
Southwest Area Integrated Water Resources Management Project (SWAIWRMP) aims to rehabilitate and upgrade the existing flood control and. drainage/irrigation (FCD/I) schemes located in the Southwest region of Bangladesh, thereby achieving their maximum development potentials in terms of agriculture production, fishery production and incomes of the beneficiaries in a sustainable manner. Traditional environmental impact assessment (EIA) usually focuses on single-project development undertaken by single proponents in a narrowly defined physical area and defined time frame. The EIA carried out by SWAIWRMP eventually didn't address the cumulative environmental impact. That is why cumulative impact assessment especially for water sector project is very important and essential. There are a number of existing and proposed infrastructures in the Sub-Project area, which might have cumulative impact. This study has assessed cumulative impact for the compartment one of SWAIWRMP.
Bangladesh has large quantity of water resources. The surface water resources comprise water available from flowing rivers and static water bodies as ponds, beels, haors etc. Different project have already working on Water Resources Management and Planning. KJDRP project is one of the largest project of south-west region (Khulna-Jessore) of Bangladesh. This project shows how to proper manage the water resources with increasing water demand. The aim of this paper is to know about water resources, its sources, uses, importance and assess the WRM condition of KJDRP on Jessore Sadar upazila. This paper explains about water sources as river, khal, beel, haor, baor, pond, wetlands, reservoir etc. Water uses in agricultural, domestic, fisheries, livestock etc sectors. Water demand for irrigation, agriculture, hydropower, household and environmental uses is rapidly increasing. This paper highlights about geographical, socio-economical and environmental aspects. The water resources are proper managed to agricultural and fisheries sectors. Water Resources Management is a critical issue due to growing water uses and to promote sustainable development by proper water management in Bangladesh.
This book addresses the integrated analysis and management of ecological-social systems and argues that the rational integration of local participatory land use planning and regional planning could enhance the sustainable management of resources. This matter was explored in two eco-social systems: the Aysen river watershed in Southern Chile and the Marano lagoon in North East Italy. Aysen region is threatened by the risk of water pollution due to the development of intensive aquaculture in its fjords. Marano lagoon and its hinterland has been declared a “polluted area of national concern” since human health is threatened by the concentrations of heavy metals in air, soil and water sediments. The research investigates three key issues pertaining to the ecosystem based approach of environmental management within the framework of post-normal science: the consequences of the lack of strategic and integrated planning, the long-term failure of top-down visions in natural resources management and the usefulness of multicriteria analysis to support participatory decision making.
The enactment of the Water Resources Commission (WRC) Act in Ghana in 1996 in effect abolished the pre-1996 customary regime which allowed the ownership of water to be handled by stools, skins, society, families among others. In place of the customary regime, the state has taken over the ownership, control, and management of water within the territorial boundaries of the Nation through the establishment of the WRC. This research was therefore aimed at: 1. to identify and determine effective Indigenous Forms of Water Resources Management (IFWRM)within six selected communities in five Districts of the Upper East Region of Ghana. 2. suggest ways of incorporating these identified IFWRM''s into formal Water Resources Management (WRM) within the White Volta River Basin (WVB) where all the study communities are located.
Land and water are essential deltaic floodplain resources and their interdependence necessitates an integrated approach for sustainable land and water management. Since 1980s, sustainable development has become the key development planning objective. However, detail procedure to achieve sustainable land and water management in a deltaic floodplain has been lacking. Further, this research developed the concept of “Inverted Pyramid”, whereby, the present generation is treated not only as user, but also as custodian of deltaic floodplain resources for future generations. The developed framework has two competing objectives: socio economic improvement and maintaining floodplain environment. However, there are two important constraints in attaining them. These are: ensure equity and safeguard ecosystem. The developed decision support framework has been tested in parts of the floodplains of the Brahmaputra river. The suggested decision support framework will be helpful to understand the interdependence of socio economic, ecological and environmental resources and developing an integrated management plan for sustainable land and water management in a deltaic floodplain.