The presence of the informal sector in towns and cities of the developing world challenges the current urban planning approaches as conflicts of landuse between 'planned for' zones and informal zones continue to soar. With informality as a challenge to urban planning, this book analyses the informal sector with informal trade at Sakubva Musika in Mutare: Zimbabwe as a point in case. It therefore gives a balanced assessment of the problem at hand, shedding more light on regulatory, policy, management and spatial planning issues that should inform urban planning with regard to urban informality. Information in this book is of great importance to Local Authorities and Central Governments, academic institutions, development organisations and individuals interested in coming up with solutions towards alleviating poverty in towns and cities of the developing world.
Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
Across the developing world, the informal sector continues to expand in absolute and relative terms. Its perpetuation and growth has been largely due to the weak capacity of the formal sector to generate adequate employment and incomes in the face of high rates of urbanization, labor-force growth, and rural-urban migration. This book focuses on the situational analysis of the informal economy in Gondar city. It reveals that most of the informal sector participants are making a livelihood in their activities. The lack of formal employment and the desire to survive were found to be the two issues that enhance the growth of the informal sector in the city. While the informal sector has the potentials to graduate to micro and small scale enterprises, a number of constraints currently inhibit the development of the informal sector and its integration with other sectors of the economy. This book will provide decision makers, planners, and policy makers with important information about the environment in which the informal sector operates, the constraints faced by the sector and various options for making informed decisions regarding the informal sector at different levels.
Unique Identification (UID) in Informal Sector: This book is meant for students and research scholars studying Informal sector. It focuses on level of awareness, benefits and challenges and business, social and economic impact of UID in informal sector. This research explored UID approaches in informal sector in rapidly changing and highly competitive environment and what is the effect of these systems as perceived by the public. It covers the major role of street vendors in this sector. The outcome of the research suggests a policy framework to local government.
This book examines to what extent government policy has contributed to the growth of the informal sector in Nigeria. The analysis is conducted in three stages. In the first stage, the Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model is used to produce time series estimates for the informal sector from 1970 to 2000. In the second stage, a dynamic Real Business Cycle model (RBC) is developed to examine the impact of fiscal policy on the size of the informal sector. Finally, a dynamic RBC model is setup to conduct a policy experiment on the impact of a negative oil price shock on the size of the informal sector. The analysis reveals that empirical estimates on the informal sector can be justified through the use of dynamic RBC models. The main results are that high taxes and fiscal expenditure on public infrastructure have contributed to the growth of the informal sector. A negative oil price shock leads to an increase in the size of the informal sector. However, a negative oil price shock that compels the government to increase seigniorage in order to finance its expenditures contributes to decreasing the size of the informal sector.
This book sought to determine the effectiveness of record keeping and accounting systems in the informal sector businesses in Mucheke Light Industrial Area in Masvingo City. Seventy-seven informal sector businesses, the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA), Small Enterprises Development Corporation (SEDCO), the Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises Development and Zambuko Trust were used as research subjects. It was established that record keeping and accounting systems in the informal sector were ineffective and unreliable. The businesses lacked the necessary knowledge and interest in keeping proper and effective records and accounts. The authors recommend that the informal sector businesses be trained in record and accounting systems. It is also useful if stakeholders dealing with the sector require dependence on records and accounting systems for purposes of monitoring and advice. The book targets all stakeholders who have interest in the development of informal businesses.
The informal sector forms a large part of the economies of many developing and transition countries. Though the concept of informal sector was officially coined in 1972, the evolution of this dualistic formal-informal concept dates back to the early twentieth century. Despite this pedigree, the usefulness of the formal-informal dichotomy has constantly been debated in the literature. Within the scope of this book, I examine various policy aspects concerning the informal sector.
The main focus of this study was to explore the activity pattern and adaptation process of the working women in urban informal sector in Bangladesh. The purpose is concerned with the socio-economic situation and the employment pattern, types of activities and the problems associated with the task where women are mainly engaged in the urban informal sectors in Khulna, Bangladesh. For achieving sustainable economic development, every nation must ensure proper involvement of both male and female manpower in development activities. The study was carried out by using simple random sampling method; household based interview schedule was used to find out the respondents and the sample size was 130. The objectives of the study were to reveal the behind factors of the working women to involve themselves in employment sector and problem and prospects in urban informal sector in Bangladesh. Findings at the study expose the poor economic condition of the family, motivating the women to involve themselves at work.
This book delves into the study of Urban Informal sector in the Indian state of Nagaland with special focus on Dimapur district. Altogether the book consists of seven chapters. The first chapter deals with the genesis of the concept, definition and the theoretical framework of the study. The second chapter throws light on the area of study. The third chapter looks into the nature of structure and operations. The fourth chapter examines the dynamics of migration among workers in this sector. The fifth chapter studies the nature of entrepreneurship and the determinants of their earnings. The sixth chapter deals with the linkage between the formal and informal sector. The last chapter ends with summary and conclusion. In brief, the book will serve as a stimulus among readers, researchers in understanding the gamut of this sector and add knowledge to the existing literature on informal sector.
This study focuses on the situational analysis of the informal sector in the three major cities in Malawi. An extensive literature study was undertaken to understand the origin of the informal sector and how it has grown in the business environment to which it is exposed in Malawi. This understanding was essential because it formed the basis for conducting the whole research. Focus was made for both the formal and the informal sectors to see whether there was a clear linkage between these two sectors. An examination of the business environment in which the informal sector was operating was done in order to understand the push and pull factors affecting this sector. The findings provide unique explanation of why this sector is growing and how difficult it has been for government and politicians to manipulate it. The findings also point out the different business approaches that are used and how both informal and formal loans have been acquired in order to enhance this sector. While it is seen as a disorganized sector, the findings point out to the organization that this sector has and contrary to the thinking that it is easy to enter one would need to read this book to learn more
Regulation of informal sector economic activities continues to be a fundamental and living challenge to many developing countries, Tanzania inclusive. In an effort to find better ways of regulating the informal sector economic activities, several strategies have been deployed. Some with notable achievements and others with failures. In the book, three key strategies that have been used in the regulation of the informal sector economic activities in Ilala Municipality have been analyzed. Highlighted also are the different actors involved. The book puts to light the existing opportunities that can be tapped, challenges existing and how they can be mitigated. The book draws lessons from the experiences in Ilala Municipality and suggests alternative ways to the regulation of informal sector economic activities.
Urban informal sector plays a crucial role in creating employment opportunities for unemployed and it is also a livelihood for millions of people in developing countries like Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aims to the survival mechanism of female headed households in the urban informal sectors in Fiche town. In the study the reasons for the females becoming the head of the households, the types of informal activities, factors that forces these households’ heads to join the informal sector, problems and government plan towards the informal sector are seen. Moreover, the government policy and non-governmental organizations activities attempt to alleviate the problems that most FHHs have faced financially by giving credit services. On the bases the findings of the study it is recommended that concerned bodies need to create awareness, prepare different trainings, give credit on time and follow-up activities of female household heads in Fiche town.
Street vending activity is one of the most important components of the urban informal sector. It has its own distinct dynamics that link the participants to space in ways that mostly does not concern other informal sector workers. Since they sell goods which are produced either informally by them or from the formal sector, they have to get access to market. And it is impossible to them without using the streets unlicensed to sell their goods. And hence, the urban authorities illegalize any kind of informal access to streets. Despite that, street vending activity has become resistant to threats posed by urban authorities in Addis Ababa in general and Arada Sub-city in Particular.Because, the only opportunity to the disadvantaged people such as, people who has no pen pusher relative, cash, further education, some of the recent migrants, disabled and women, is involving in street vending; since the formal sector is full of obstacles to enter for these groups. Thus, they wear, eat, drink and hope to win the other life challenges through vending on street sides rather than through the government help.
Seed is a vital input to improve agricultural production and productivity. Farmers obtain seed from both formal and informal sources. The informal seed sector in Ethiopia is the major seed supplier of seed for many crops grown in the country. Access to the formal seed sector is limited for the farmers, and hence the role of informal seed supply system is significant. The book is designed to provide you with detailed analysis of the functioning of informal seed supply system with its institutional frameworks. The book have valuable information which assists policy makers, individuals in the sector, GOs and NGOs to intervene in the seed sector.