The presence of the informal sector in towns and cities of the developing world challenges the current urban planning approaches as conflicts of landuse between 'planned for' zones and informal zones continue to soar. With informality as a challenge to urban planning, this book analyses the informal sector with informal trade at Sakubva Musika in Mutare: Zimbabwe as a point in case. It therefore gives a balanced assessment of the problem at hand, shedding more light on regulatory, policy, management and spatial planning issues that should inform urban planning with regard to urban informality. Information in this book is of great importance to Local Authorities and Central Governments, academic institutions, development organisations and individuals interested in coming up with solutions towards alleviating poverty in towns and cities of the developing world.
This book delves into the study of Urban Informal sector in the Indian state of Nagaland with special focus on Dimapur district. Altogether the book consists of seven chapters. The first chapter deals with the genesis of the concept, definition and the theoretical framework of the study. The second chapter throws light on the area of study. The third chapter looks into the nature of structure and operations. The fourth chapter examines the dynamics of migration among workers in this sector. The fifth chapter studies the nature of entrepreneurship and the determinants of their earnings. The sixth chapter deals with the linkage between the formal and informal sector. The last chapter ends with summary and conclusion. In brief, the book will serve as a stimulus among readers, researchers in understanding the gamut of this sector and add knowledge to the existing literature on informal sector.
Informal sectors play a pivotal role in Urban Poverty Reduction and a lot of rural-urban migrants betrothed in the sector. Among many glitches, Lack of start-up capital, working premises, market linkage and credit are majors hindrances the operators facing on. Policy makers and administrators should give emphasis for the informal sector operators. This finding attempts to get a lot of findings regarding informal sector in Addis Ababa. The findings may serves for Academic, Non- Academic Institution and Researcher working on Development as ingredient for their further Studies.
The main focus of this study was to explore the activity pattern and adaptation process of the working women in urban informal sector in Bangladesh. The purpose is concerned with the socio-economic situation and the employment pattern, types of activities and the problems associated with the task where women are mainly engaged in the urban informal sectors in Khulna, Bangladesh. For achieving sustainable economic development, every nation must ensure proper involvement of both male and female manpower in development activities. The study was carried out by using simple random sampling method; household based interview schedule was used to find out the respondents and the sample size was 130. The objectives of the study were to reveal the behind factors of the working women to involve themselves in employment sector and problem and prospects in urban informal sector in Bangladesh. Findings at the study expose the poor economic condition of the family, motivating the women to involve themselves at work.
This book provides a Japanese example of daily school travel characteristics and explains spatial differences in travel patterns. Studies targeting daily travel purposes assist the formulation of local and regional plans by providing specific information. Implications of various constraints on school travel decision such as school district policy and limited transport modes are explained based on modeling results. The book evaluates the importance of a wide range of factors such as travel time, transit station distribution, household characteristics and physical factors in school travels. The relationship between household travel decisions and school travels and the prospect of linking them with holistic transport plan is emphasized. The analyses in this book are based on detailed school travel surveys and various data related to personal transport modes, transit services and built environment. Discrete choice modeling and other statistical methods are used to perform the analyses in this research work.
Across the developing world, the informal sector continues to expand in absolute and relative terms. Its perpetuation and growth has been largely due to the weak capacity of the formal sector to generate adequate employment and incomes in the face of high rates of urbanization, labor-force growth, and rural-urban migration. This book focuses on the situational analysis of the informal economy in Gondar city. It reveals that most of the informal sector participants are making a livelihood in their activities. The lack of formal employment and the desire to survive were found to be the two issues that enhance the growth of the informal sector in the city. While the informal sector has the potentials to graduate to micro and small scale enterprises, a number of constraints currently inhibit the development of the informal sector and its integration with other sectors of the economy. This book will provide decision makers, planners, and policy makers with important information about the environment in which the informal sector operates, the constraints faced by the sector and various options for making informed decisions regarding the informal sector at different levels.
This book mainly focuses on study involving the Integration of the Formal and Informal Wheat Seed Supply Systems to Improve Farmers’ Access to Modern Cultivars in East Gojjam Zone of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Farmers can obtain seed from several sources. These sources are generally grouped into two major classes; informal and formal seed supply systems. These days, the majority of the Ethiopian farmers are believed to depend upon the informal seed supply system. A single system has been found less efficient in addressing the diverse seed needs of small-scale farmers. A critical synthesis of both the formal and informal seed supply systems is essential to seek a way that will make them efficient. Hence, it is important to assess the strengths and weaknesses of both the informal and formal seed supply systems so that farmers can complement each other and improve their access to modern wheat cultivars. The book is believed to be the most important in addressing certain ideas on wheat crop. Hence, any interested one can buy it and read more. Thank you.
This book deals with the new way of looking at Informal waste Collectors in urban space. They are seen as contributors to the sustainability of the urban environment. Chapter 1 introduces and also justifies the importance of integrating informal waste collectors into a waste management system as a possible strategy to reduce the volume of solid waste. It also suggests a strategy for the urban poor to make a living. Chapter 2 looks at the literature on informal waste collectors in developing countries such as Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Egypt, Costa Rica and South Africa.Chapter 3 deals with the research methodology and outlines the data collection process, data sources and the methods used for data analysis. The research therefore involves a threefold approach, combining both qualitative and quantitative information methods. Chapter 4 provides details on data analysis and the research findings. Chapter 5 relates the results of the research, a synthesis of the findings and recommendations for the future. Chapter 6 presents the conclusions reached through this research project. This book may be used for research, teaching and private studies purpo
This study attempted to explore and describe the gender and work challenges People with Disabilities (PWDs) encountered in their participation in Income Generating Activities (IGAs) in the informal sector of Uganda. The study showed that in spite of being disadvantaged in society, PWDs have joined the informal sector in varying capacities in an attempt to earn a living. However, little is known about the conditions under which PWDs join and remain in the informal sector; how they acquire capital and other resources. Not only did the challenges that PWDs encounter impact negatively on their profits, but they could also potentially jeopardise their future existence of the IGAs of PWDs that have small turnovers and low profit margins. This without doubt indicates that PWDs in the informal sector need socio-economic resources for their IGAs as well as disability grants to cater for their pressing needs given that many of them are heads of households and single parents.
Unique Identification (UID) in Informal Sector: This book is meant for students and research scholars studying Informal sector. It focuses on level of awareness, benefits and challenges and business, social and economic impact of UID in informal sector. This research explored UID approaches in informal sector in rapidly changing and highly competitive environment and what is the effect of these systems as perceived by the public. It covers the major role of street vendors in this sector. The outcome of the research suggests a policy framework to local government.
This book examines to what extent government policy has contributed to the growth of the informal sector in Nigeria. The analysis is conducted in three stages. In the first stage, the Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause (MIMIC) model is used to produce time series estimates for the informal sector from 1970 to 2000. In the second stage, a dynamic Real Business Cycle model (RBC) is developed to examine the impact of fiscal policy on the size of the informal sector. Finally, a dynamic RBC model is setup to conduct a policy experiment on the impact of a negative oil price shock on the size of the informal sector. The analysis reveals that empirical estimates on the informal sector can be justified through the use of dynamic RBC models. The main results are that high taxes and fiscal expenditure on public infrastructure have contributed to the growth of the informal sector. A negative oil price shock leads to an increase in the size of the informal sector. However, a negative oil price shock that compels the government to increase seigniorage in order to finance its expenditures contributes to decreasing the size of the informal sector.
This work is built around an ethnographic field study in Kampung Bendo, outside Yogyakarta, Indonesia, close to a landfill where most inhabitants work as informal waste recyclers, collecting and selling materials for recycling and reuse. The aim is to look at the relationship between formal and informal sector in solid waste management and draw conclusions about the role of informal waste recyclers in low and middle-income countries. This dissertation’s conclusion is that the relationship between the informal waste recyclers and the formal operation of landfills is complex and consist of several preconceived notions. It also concludes that the informal waste recyclers do play an important role in low- and middle-income countries solid waste management, raising recycling rates and lowering local governments’ management costs. Organisations in charge of formal operation of landfills and waste collection could supplement its knowledge and capacity by working through recognition and creating a partnership between a variety of private, informal and community actors.
This study focuses on the situational analysis of the informal sector in the three major cities in Malawi. An extensive literature study was undertaken to understand the origin of the informal sector and how it has grown in the business environment to which it is exposed in Malawi. This understanding was essential because it formed the basis for conducting the whole research. Focus was made for both the formal and the informal sectors to see whether there was a clear linkage between these two sectors. An examination of the business environment in which the informal sector was operating was done in order to understand the push and pull factors affecting this sector. The findings provide unique explanation of why this sector is growing and how difficult it has been for government and politicians to manipulate it. The findings also point out the different business approaches that are used and how both informal and formal loans have been acquired in order to enhance this sector. While it is seen as a disorganized sector, the findings point out to the organization that this sector has and contrary to the thinking that it is easy to enter one would need to read this book to learn more
In many cities of the developing world, dynamic informal infrastructure services work side by side with formal infrastructure services. Informal urban water service is almost as important as formal water supply in providing adequate water for urban inhabitants. This research tries to contribute to our understanding of informal infrastructure services in cities of developing world, using urban water supply in Metropolitan Jakarta as a case study. An indigenous system of urban water vendors operation, the so-called Sistem Aplus, allows vendors to work in a city while still maintaining their residencies in a village. This fact explains the circular migration phenomena in Jakarta, where temporary farmers in rural areas work and live partly in Jakarta. Informal water vendors operate in a laissez-faire system. They strategize their operations based on markets and consumer behavior. Self-regulation and self-policing among water vendors is the effective means of promoting efficiency and safety within the informal water deliveries. In devising the appropriate regulatory framework, it is important to consider the social and political contexts in which water-supply market will operate.