The aim of this book is to make a critical dispassionate evaluation of arguments for and against the unconstitutionality of mandatory retirement age for employees in South Africa. Moreover, the purpose is to ascertain what lesson can be learnt from the experience and practices in some selected foreign countries such as United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada and Australia. This is done by looking at the present position in the latter countries.
Githui takes a look on how the perception of retirement by teachers in public secondary schools. In Kenya, like many other countries, retirement especially in the public service is mandatory after attaining 60 years of age. Teachers retire after attaining 60 years of age, which is the mandatory retirement age. Githui critically analyses the major problem of majority of the teachers who are not ready to stop working until they reach 60 years of age. The book talks on how the teachers should invest early and save to be comfortable during retirement. Teachers should be taught financial management to enable them manage their finances; know the areas to invest in to reap maximum benefits out of their investments. In order for teachers to be comfortable during their retirement days, Githui suggests that the teachers pay should be improved to enable them to save and to increase their pension. The book will be very beneficial to the lecturers in University, policy makers and high school tutors.
Amendments to the provincial Human Rights Code effectively abolished mandatory retirement in BC in 2008. Additionally, the Canadian population is aging. The seniors, 65 years of age or older, constitute the fastest growing population group. These facts are expected to have an impact on the insurance and pension industry as well as on social programs. In this project, we study the total employment income in BC based on a survey of Canadian workers. The workforce is projected using a two-decrement model, with death and retirement as the two causes of decrement. Average annual salaries by age are then applied to the projected workforces to get the total income in BC. Prediction intervals are calculated and sensitivity analysis is performed for some of the key assumptions.
Today, against the backdrop of the demographic pressures to delay the retirement of older workers, sociologists of aging and gerontologists have begun exploring the impact of national labor market institutions on individual workers’ experiences of aging and growing older at the workplace and in the labor market at large. This book has contributed to the literature by demonstrating that, with its persistent mandatory retirement policies, the lifetime employment institution in Japan serves as an intensive age-based social control mechanism that has constructed and reproduced ‘older workers’ in the country’s labor force. Based on empirical research findings, this book argues that the Japanese government should find ways to mitigate the social exclusion, marginalization, and stigmatization that workers experience in their post-mandatory retirement working lives.
South Africa under the new democratic Government had challenges that needed drastic transformation. The diversity of people in South Africa demanded understanding of one another in terms of race, gender and class. It was necessary for South Africans to be free from the legacy of apartheid that sanctioned seperateness of its people, and misinterpretations of social groups, emanating from unequal power relations, discrimination and prejudice related to various social identities. South Africa's constitution states that South Africa belongs to all who live in it and united in its diversity (1996). Therefore there is a need to develop understanding towards social identities, also cultures, religion, sexual orientation,and age groups. Education has shown success in developing some people's understanding, changing attitudes in relation to diversity and social identities.
The historical and ideological backgrounds of Westerners about the African continent and its people have been mostly negative. Thus, in an age of globalization, is the colonial image of Africa still vivid in American media? How, African leaders and mainly South African journalists during the World Cup voiced their frustrations about how western media view the continent? Are African journalists and media giving more attention to the development of positive news? In this book, Ramata Sore investigates the depiction of South Africa during the 2010 World Cup through South African and American media.
Criminal Law in South Africa, second edition, offers a clear, comprehensive and practical explanation of the principles of criminal law in South Africa. The text addresses the general principles of criminal law, as well as the elements of specific common law crimes and statutory offences. Legal theory is presented in light of the influence of the Bill of Rights, comparative perspectives, and international law. Additional educational resources support teaching and learning, further assisting students to develop the academic skills required to master their studies.
The Early Mbeki Years and the Challenge of Transition in South Africa: South Africa after Mandela examines the politics of transition in South Africa. If Nelson Mandela was the reconciliation president, Thabo Mbeki set himself the task of becoming the transformation president. The book discusses, as case study, some issues of national significance in South Africa highlighted in the 18-month period from the national elections of June 1999 to the local government elections of December 2000. The topics include: racism and its specific South African manifestations; realignment in South African politics; land and agrarian reform; restructuring the South African economy; reforming the education and health systems; and the African renaissance. The book thus deals with President Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki’s transformation agenda and seeks to answer, by looking at different aspects of contemporary life in South Africa, the question: What characterised Mbeki’s turn as president of the Republic of South Africa? The conclusion reached is characteristically Gramscian: “The old is dying but the new cannot yet be born. In this interregnum there arises a diversity of morbid symptoms.”
The book is about a comparative study on the use of intelligence in policing. Focus is on the implementation of intelligence led policing in four countries, namely; the United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia, and South Africa. After an in-depth study of the implementation of the intelligence led policing concept in the United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia and South Africa, the author came up with the intelligence led policing model for South Africa.
This book is a story of an evangelical encounter with Anglo-Catholic Christian tradition. The Christian faith gabbed in untinted African Culture which was sheltered away from western influences by the aparthied rule in South Africa.While the experience starts from poor African home lands and townships and shares in the squarid conditions it end in the white retirement residence having covered the whole experience of the transformed rain-bow people of South Africa. The story is a transforming and gives a test of the East African Revival, The author is glad he went because he too was changed by the experiences of this missionary work.
Retirement, especially in the civil service is mandatory at a prescribed age no matter one's level of productivity or mental alertness. The rising numbers of retired persons in many countries and the associated consequences have generated growing interest in the retirement planning process. Generally, the retirees who are the target of retirement plans are assessed as requiring the highest degree of support and assistance in the society than when they were working.They face social and economic discrimination. Poverty severity index is highest in the retiree age bracket. Indeed, related literature tends to focus principally on health researches, welfare as well as the burden of retirees on the society. The above disconnect in the well-being of retirees can be traced to the retirement planning process. We have therefore carefully studied the Nigerian Civil Service retirement process and made suggestions which can empower the retiree, enhance his well-being and affect the national economy on a positive note .
The study interrogates the factors underlying the problematics around multilingual language planning implementation with specific reference to South Africa. The study identifies four categories of explanations for non-implementation in South Africa namely political; economic; sociolinguistic; and theoretic explanations. Of interest is the adequacy of these explanations in explaining non- implementation of multilingual language plans. Using Grounded Theory Method, the study identifies the theoretic category as the core category to explain the non-implementation of multilingual language plans in South Africa, i.e. the inherent epistemological weaknesses of contemporary language planning theory and method constrain this paradigm''s ability to formulate optimal implementation approaches. To remedy this epistemological dilemma and the accompanying practical multilingual planning implementation dilemma, the study, using data from multilingual language planning implementation settings in South Africa, develops an alternative approach to multilingual planning implementation, namely the Language Management Approach (LMA).
Revision with unchanged content. The traditional definition of retirement and retirement migration is changing in the United States. This change in retirement is being fueled by the baby boomer generation. Historically, retirement migration has led retirees to move to warmer destinations to live out their remaining years. However, this trend, spurred on baby boomers’ desire to do things differently from previous generations, is changing as new, local retirement migration destinations become available. Active adult age-restricted retirement communities have grown in the state of Connecticut as a non-traditional retirement destination. Connecticut’s population has a higher percentage of baby boomers than the national figure. These figures suggest the potential for a rise in the development of a new retirement alternative. Towns around the state must consider if the development of these new communities is a positive economic development option. Rocky Hill, Connecticut has seen eight such communities built in recent years and has illustrated conclusions through revisions to the Planning and Zoning Regulations that their community may be saturated with this type of development. Other towns around the state and in the region can look to the example of Rocky Hill to determine if they wish to promote the development of active adult age-restricted retirement communities.