During the late 1800s, education for African American children was practically nonexistent in the south.After the withdrawal of federal troops in 1876 from the region, life for African Americans returned to pre-civil status.Jim Crow laws were instituted;the Ku Klux Klan emerged as the violent enforcer of oppression;African American children were indentured to their former slave owners.Education became a distant dream. Explore in this book how African Americans created a system to educate their children.Learn about the forces that converged to create a network of private rural educational social settlements.Read about the controversy between Booker T. Washington and DuBois. This is a heart wrenching journey traveled by two women,Principals in the rural areas of Alabama.Learn about the shadow role of northern industrialists, the "robber barons" in molding and financing educational systems to suit their needs. Read about little known efforts by sharecroppers to improve their lives.If you are a social worker, sociologist, historian, history buff, policy analyst,policy wonk or interested in the history of the women''s movement,you will want to read this book.
"This translation of an American labor study by a 19th-century German Marxist, Friedrich A. Sorge (1828-1906), is valuable as a commentary by someone of Karl Marx's generation on the formation of a major labor movement in the US during the 1890s. [Of] note are chapters on the judicial and economic constraints of the 1890s, especially as they surfaced in the 1896 presidential campaing. This volume resurrects Sorge from obscurity ... His views on American labor issues provide a valuable perspective. College, university, and large public library collections".
Even before the Civil War, American writers were imagining life after a massive global catastrophe. For many, the blank slate of the American continent was instead a wreckage-strewn wasteland, a new world in ruins. Bringing together epic and lyric poems, fictional tales, travel narratives, and scientific texts, Postapocalyptic Fantasies in Antebellum American Literature reveals that US authors who enthusiastically celebrated the myths of primeval wilderness and virgin land also frequently resorted to speculations about the annihilation of civilizations, past and future. By examining such postapocalyptic fantasies, this study recovers an antebellum rhetoric untethered to claims for historical exceptionalism - a patriotic rhetoric that celebrates America while denying the United States a unique position outside of world history. As the scientific field of natural history produced new theories regarding biological extinction, geological transformation, and environmental collapse, American writers responded with wild visions of the ancient past and the distant future.
Leslie Marmon Silko (1948-), dedicated to the cause of reviving Native American culture, is reputed as one of most prominent contemporary Native American writers. She has integrated strong Indian color to her works by perfectly mixing diversified genres into the literary pieces, by connecting the writing closely to nature, and by implementing oral tradition and storytelling. Her writings reflect a profound understanding of Native American cultural heritage and an intense awareness of Indianness. This book probes into the complex nature of Native American identity formation and examines Leslie Marmon Silko’s perception of preserving and reconstructing Native American identity in the big wave of assimilation into the mainstream culture. Ecofeminist conception is explored as a vital scenario in Silko’s writings to elucidate that harmonious coexistence and syncretism is the optimal way to the survival of Native American identity and the maintenance of cultural continuity. The analysis should help contribute some insights into a reciprocity and smooth communication among different cultures in the context of globalization, and should be useful to the study of Native American culture.
The American Song Book, Volume I: The Tin Pan Alley Era is the first of a planned five-volume series of books that will reprint the sheet-music (including covers) of songs by Irving Berlin, the Gershwins, and other great songwriters from what has been called The Golden Age of American popular music, along with historical essays, biographical sketches, and musical analyses and anecdotes.
This book analyzes the language variety spoken by Italian American gangsters in five American drama films released in the 1990s, as well as the strategies used during the process of dubbing into Italian. Several studies have focused on the representation of Italian American gangsters in Hollywood films. However, most of the scholars who have worked on this topic have approached it from a film or a cultural studies perspective, whereas the characters' linguistic characterization has never been exhaustively investigated. Indeed, the identity of Italian American gangsters in American movies is always clearly identifiable thanks to a series of visual and narrative elements. However, it is a fact that language plays an extremely important role in the construction of their stereotyped identity. Interestingly, Italian dubbing seems to have established a set of consolidated strategies aiming at transposing the connotations conveyed by the original language. The analysis highlights the importance of language in the process of characterization and should be of special interest to whoever is interested in the study of the use of language in films as a tool for identity representation.
The morass in town is getting tougher; soon the murder of a prominent figure, perpetrated by a gang led by Phantom, has worsened the already unbearable situation whereas the Community Security Squad is making its effort to completely curb the bad situation. Ricardo the son of the most famous artist has a pet called Badboy, a skilled and smart chimpanzee. The latter, disgusted by the sad situation in town personally lassos down three men of a gang during delivery and the Community Security Squad makes a decisive arrest. Sheriff honors Badboy’s effort by offering him a place in the Community Security Squad with the rank of a Sergeant. Badboy’s decision to turn down Sheriff’s honor is for a purpose since he is aware it is his hand that is behind his master’s fame. Both Ricardo and his pet later play nasty tricks on the so-called missionaries, and the fight for freedom and justice equally leads to the arrest of the American explorers who sneak into the rich land through the high lands. In the end Phantom and his men narrowly escape the claws of the law by running away into the forest, leaving behind a bitter trace in the hearts of thousands of people.
The Cambridge History of Asian American Literature presents a comprehensive history of the field, from its origins in the nineteenth century to the present day. It offers an unparalleled examination of all facets of Asian American writing that help readers to understand how authors have sought to make their experiences meaningful. Covering subjects from autobiography and Japanese American internment literature to contemporary drama and social protest performance, this History traces the development of a literary tradition while remaining grounded in current scholarship. It also presents new critical approaches to Asian American literature that will serve the needs of students and specialists alike. Written by leading scholars in the field, The Cambridge History of Asian American Literature will not only engage readers in contemporary debates but also serve as a definitive reference for years to come.
The Malliavin calculus is an especially promising tool for solving the pricing problem of American options under a constant volatility, and also when the volatility is stochastic. Using the Malliavin calculus, the aim of this work consisted computing the conditional expectation, related to the solution of the pricing problem of the American option, for the uni and bi-dimensional model, as a suitable ratio of ordinal expectations. The estimation of this ratio became possible by using the Monte Carlo simulations.
An American option is a financial contract between two agents, who agree to buy or sell an asset at a fixed strike price at any time before a specified expiration date. When is the optimal time to exercise the option in order to maximize revenue? What is the price of such contract? This work aims to answer these questions from a rigorous mathematical perspective while still in a comprehensive way. It develops the Arbitrage-free Pricing Theory, and set the American option price as an optimal stopping problem. There is a self-contained treatment of the existence and characterization of the solution of optimal stopping problems for homogeneous Markov processes. Central to the presentation is to transfer the optimal stopping problem, representing the price of the American option, to a free-boundary formulation by means of the Markovian structure of the stock price process. Then, it is derived the optimal stopping rule by the first passage time of the geometric Brownian motion to a barrier, determined by an integral equation. In other words, the holder will optimally exercise the option at the first time that the stock price process falls below such a barrier.
This fully illustrated guide to the Smithsonian's newest museum takes visitors on a journey through the richness and diversity of African American culture and the history of a people whose struggles, aspirations, and achievements have shaped the nation. Opened in September 2016, the National Museum of African American History and Culture welcomes all visitors who seek to understand, remember, and celebrate this history. The guidebook provides a comprehensive tour of the museum, including its magnificent building and grounds and eleven permanent exhibition galleries dedicated to themes of history, community, and culture. Highlights from the museum's collection of artifacts and works of art are presented in full-color photographs, accompanied by evocative stories and voices that illuminate the American experience through the African American lens.
The hand loom industry of India is a part and parcel of the Textiles Industry, which plays a significant role in the socioeconomic life of the country. It, not only provides basic necessities of life but also plays a pivotal role through its contribution to industrial output, employment generation, and the export earnings of the country The strength of Hand loom lies in the introducing innovative designs, which cannot be replicated by the Power loom sector. The Book highlights the Production and Socioeconomic Status of Hand loom Workers,the Structure,features and importance of the Industry, its role in income and employment generation,Problems faced by this sector in Assam and India and different Government initiatives to develop this rural based industry.
Praise for Filipino American Psychology: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice «Filipino American Psychology: A Handbook of Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice is destined to make a major contribution to the field of Asian American psychology and to the larger field of multicultural psychology.» —From the Foreword by Derald Wing Sue, PhD Professor of Psychology and Education, Teachers College, Columbia University «Dr. Nadal has done a superb job of locating the experiences of Filipino Americans within the larger scholarship on ethnic minority psychology, while also highlighting the complexity, richness, and uniqueness of their psychological experiences. This book should be a part of everyone's library.» —E.J.R. David, PhD Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Alaska Anchorage «Ranging from historical contexts to present-day case studies, theoretical models to empirical findings, self-reflection activities to online and media resources, Filipino American Psychology will engage, stimulate, and challenge both novices and experts. Without question, Dr. Nadal's book is a foundational text and a one-stop resource for both the Filipino American community and the community of mental health professionals.» —Alvin N. Alvarez, PhD Professor, San Francisco State University A landmark volume exploring contemporary issues affecting Filipino Americans, as well as the most successful mental health strategies for working with Filipino American clients Addressing the mental health needs of the Filipino American population—an often invisible, misunderstood, and forgotten group—Filipino American Psychology provides counselors and other mental health practitioners with the knowledge, awareness, and skills they can use to become effective and culturally competent when working with their Filipino American clients. Filipino American Psychology begins by looking at the unique cultural, social, political, economic, and mental health needs of Filipino Americans. Noted expert—and Filipino American—Kevin Nadal builds on a foundational understanding of the unique role and experience of Filipino Americans, offering strategies for more effective clinical work with Filipino Americans in a variety of settings. A must-read for mental health professionals as well as educators and students in the mental health field, Filipino American Psychology is an insightful look at the Filipino American community and the nuances of the Filipino American psyche.
Naqada civilization dates back to prehistoric times in Egypt. Historians divide that civilization into three historical phases where civilization took Naqada about 1,500 years before the first family.It is a civilization Naqada first (about 4500 to 3500 BC) and the civilization of Naqada II (about 3500 to 3200 BC) and civilization Naqada third (about 3200 to 3000 BC) and was characterized by these civilizations progress pottery and diversity of decorative elements and themes that were recorded on their surfaces which express what distract them in their daily lives as a character fishing and agriculture.Fberawa in the use of drawings and engravings bottles decorated pottery drawing humans, animals and plants and geometric shapes.The research aims to make use of drawings and engravings used by the ancient Egyptians in the civilization of Naqada through the study of personality and semantic expression used by the ancient Egyptians in the use of drawings and engravings and studying different styles of techniques used and bringing it to the entrances experimental variety to enrich the roofs.