HIV/AIDS leads to a wide spectrum of physical, psychological, social, emotional and economical toll on the sufferer. Discrimination and stigmatization consequent to infection of HIV/AIDS is widespread among families, communities and health-care providers. HIV/AIDS related stigma from health-care workers is a major barrier to effective responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The quality of care given by health-care workers to people living with HIV/AIDS is influenced by their knowledge, attitudes and willingness. Despite the emerging role of physical therapists for people living with HIV/AIDS, there is little information on their knowledge, attitudes and willingness to take care people living with HIV/AIDS. This book presents an assessment of knowledge, attitude and willingness to provide care for people living with HIV/AIDS among physical therapists.
People Living with HIV/AIDS require significant care and support. However, health facility based-care for people living with HIV/AIDS continues to pose many challenges including high costs, inadequate physical facilities, equipment and health personnel. This has led to a paradigm shift that culminated in the emergence of Community Home-Based Care services. This book thus, examines the effectiveness of Community Home Based Care Programmes as an alternative approach for people living with HIV/AIDS.
The present book studies the effectiveness of routine nutrition assessment offered to improve the nutrition status, well-being and quality of life of people living with HIV and AIDS attending HIV treatment and care at Hewu Hospital in Chris Hani District of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. With the knowledge that HIV and malnutrition are interlinked, a great need for on-going nutritional assessment becomes critical in the treatment and care of people living with HIV and AIDS. In the absences of ARV treatment , people living with HIV and AIDS have a tendency to lose weight and ultimately become undernourished. At the same time ARV treatment is known to be associated with longer life span hence people living with HIV and AIDS tend to gain weight becoming overweight or obese.
This descriptive study was carried out among people living with HIV/AIDS who were receiving antiretroviral therapy for at least six months from different ART centers and NGOs/INGOs of Kathmandu Valley. A total of seventy samples were selected for the study by using non probability purposive sampling technique. WHOQOL-HIV Instrument was adapted to measure impact of ARV on quality of life.In summary,ARV therapy played a significant role in improving the quality of life and immunological status of people living with HIV and AIDS. Therefore it is recommended that antiretroviral therapy should be available and accessible without any delay to all the HIV/AIDS clients who were eligible for the therapy.
Women Living with HIV/AIDS are one of the group of people who have been experiencing the psychosocial challenges of HIV/AIDS. Psychologically, women diagnosed for HIV experienced fear, shame, powerlessness, sadness and other distressing emotional reactions. Socially, probably the single most challenge for women with HIV/AIDS is stigma. This Book, therefore, provides the strategies that women living with HIV/AIDS use to cope with the psychosocial challenges of HIV/AIDS in line with detail information about the psychosocial challenges of women living with HIV/AIDS. In view of this, it was found that women living with HIV/AIDS use both engagement and disengagement coping to deal with psychosocial challenges.How the study was conducted? To conduct the study exploratory research design and qualitative research approach were used.
Male involvement in palliative care for people living with HIV/AIDS in African Societies is a book for all those who wish to know the current status in gender inequality in developing countries as presented by Mrs.Ruth Kwamboka Makori,Prof.Rosebella Onyango and Prof.Rose Kakai.The book's theme is on level of male involvement,attitude towards male involvement and sociocultural factors influencing male involvement in home-based care for people living with HIV and AIDS.
Mental Health is important comorbidity of people living with HIV.Therefore this study has tried to bring in insight into the burden of mental health problems among people living with HIV. The policy makers, academicians and researchers may find interest to review the book. Results will guide implementing agencies for projects dealing with people living with HIV. It has identified core areas those need to be focused during designing a project with people living with HIV or AIDS.
HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination are probably as old as the disease itself. Despite the fact that Sweden is one of the countries providing top quality medical care to people living with HIV/AIDS, the epidemic of HIV related stigma and discrimination looms large at different levels in the Swedish society. This paper sets out to discover how stigma and discrimination are obstacles to HIV prevention, care and treatment. The main findings of this study include among others: that HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination exists in Sweden and it is a big obstacle to HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment. Forms of stigma include self stigma, which is the most common form of stigma in Sweden plus stigma from society. Discrimination is seen in the healthcare system, the media, migrations board and the justice system. The Swedish Communicable Diseases Act also seems to be enhancing stigma and discrimination. The negative treatment in society and various institutions, plus the harassment of People Living with HIV/AIDS by the media prevents people from testing for HIV/AIDS and also from seeking care and treatment.
The book provides information about health problems and health seeking behaviour of the people living with HIV/AIDS within the existing healthcare delivery system in Nigeria. It gives useful recommendations which will serve as key input for policy makers and programme managers to design policies and interventions that suit the needs and preferences of the PLWHA and promote universal access to HIV care and treatment.
This book contains article discussing about contraceptive demand of people living with HIV/AIDS which helps readers to have knowhow about family planning need among these populations and it also gives an insight about ideas behind not using family planning methods among People Living With HIV/AIDS.Hence, purchase and read the book and then you improve and get understanding in the area of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health.
HIV is sexually transmitted disease. While the search for a cure of HIV/AIDS continues, tens of millions of people Worldwide are currently living with the disease for the infected people in developing countries it is like a death sentence and it is too complicated to save the lives of the poor all thore the global health experts give them the treatment. There is a no evidence of complete cure of HIV/AIDS, but there are medications that can dramatically slow the progression of the disease. These people’s lifestyle are more of intense care and difficulties, there are so many people who are HIV where they keep themselves hidden from the society. The HIV positive patients are those who live in a situation where they have to take care of they food habits like eating healthy food, avoiding certain foods, getting immunization, taking care of being in contact with animals. This way of living could be easily take care by the high class people, but the low class people with low economic suffer. Human immunodeficiency virus has a large psychological, physical and social impact on infected.
Home-based care has been one of the most effective community care strategies in developing countries for people living with HIV/AIDS in their AIDS stage. This is because the poorly equipped and highly understaffed public health systems are failing to cope with the extra demand of caring for the AIDS patients (in and out of hospital). The HBC programs traditionally have been providing physical, emotional, spiritual and palliative care to the chronically and terminally ill patients. Up to 90% of care for patients in developing countries is done in homes. However, the increased and widespread accessibility of people living with HIV/AIDS to antiretroviral therapy in Zambia through the public health system is changing the type of demands by the PLWHAs on the HBC services. Many formerly bedridden patients are now well and what they need most is support to restart their livelihoods. They also need support and monitoring of their adherence to ART. Some HBC programs have started changing to meet these new and evolving needs, albeit at a slow pace. The consequences of delayed responses to these changing needs is the increased likelihood of PLWHA loosing the gains made.
It is been more than 30 years since the AIDS was firstly identified. Since then, a lot was written about its medical, social, cultural and psychological causes and consequences. HIV infected people suffered not only medical consequences but they were stigmatized, isolated and excluded intentionally by the rest of the society by being labeled as immoral and dangerous. This was caused by the lack of adequate information. In this regard, the aim of the book is to examine students’ attitudes toward people living with HIV/AIDS in Kosovo. The publication of this book is important for academic community and policy makers for two reasons. First, there is no similar book which treats in detail the issue of stigmatization, discrimination and attitudes of young people toward people living with HIV/AIDS in Kosova. Secondly, findings derived from the research will serve to the policymakers around the world to design better policies as regard to care and support people living with HIV/AIDS. The book will be of interest to the general reader, those involved in education and social research, and scientific researchers who want to examine the social and psychological aspects of HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS prevalence rates have continued to rise despite numerous strategies to combat this pandemic. Globally, there are an estimated 39.4 million people living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). About 95% of these are in developing countries of which 70% are in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) killed about 3.1 million people in 2004 alone and there were an estimated 5 million new HIV infections (UNAIDS, 2004). SSA has an estimated 25.4 million people who are HIV positive. In this region alone, AIDS killed approximately 2.3 million people in 2004 while 3.1 million were newly infected with HIV (UNAIDS, 2004). The era of Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has brought hope for the millions of People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). In SSA about 4 million people are in need of ART and only about 50% are currently accessing this treatment hence the need for scaling up ART programs in SSA countries. However, this requires the mobilization of financial resources that most SSA countries do not have (Thompson RJ, et al, 1990). With average per capita GDP of US$ 330, Uganda faces a challenge of financially sustaining the HIV and ART programmes.