Public Health Policy: Issues, Theories, and Advocacy offers students an engaging and innovative introduction to public health policy: its purpose, how it is originated, and how it is implemented. The book describes the underlying theories and frameworks as well as practical analytical tools needed for effective advocacy and communication. Drawing on the multidisciplinary nature of public health, the book uses concepts and examples from epidemiology, law, economics, political science, and ethics to examine the policymaking process, explain positions pro or con, and develop materials for various audiences to further a public health policy intervention. In addition, Public Health Policy shows how policymaking is a complex and integrated top-down and bottoms-up process that embraces a myriad of public and private stakeholders. Written by a highly experienced health policy researcher and teacher, the book is rich in resources that will enhance teaching and learning. Each chapter begins with an overview of the chapter, including core terms and concepts, and includes illustrative examples of how the highlighted component (law, ethics, economics, politics, epidemiology, and medicine) intersects with public health. Discussion questions at the end of every chapter, along with an interview from an expert from each of the component fields, give real-world perspectives on how that particular subject relates to the overall topic. The book also contains 13 case studies that illustrate the framework discussed in the first part of the book, and show how the different components link to create, sustain, evaluate, or obstruct the development of public health policy. Also included are primers on two essential policy tools: how to write research policy briefs, and how to craft effective letters to an editor, including examples of both drawn from the author's publications in journals and newspapers.
This textbook provides an overview of the major environmental policy issues, past and present, and explains the interplay among law, science, and advocacy as related to environmental policymaking in the United States and abroad. Environmental Policy and Public Health examines the main sources of pollution and threats to environmental integrity and explores the consequences of pollution on the environment and the population. Throughout the book, noted environmental policy expert William N. Rom explains the legal basis for environmental action, beginning with the Clean Air Act, the Wilderness Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, and international treaties. In addition to providing information about existing laws, the author presents potential policy alternatives that offer real-world solutions. Comprehensive in scope, the book incorporates developments in law, economics, global warming, and air pollution. Environmental Policy and Public Health covers these topics and also puts an emphasis on wilderness protection. An important focus of the book is an assessment of the role of policy analysis in the formation and implementation of national and local environmental policy. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/rom
A new approach to understanding and improving performance and public value This book presents the Public Service Value Model-an innovative, rigorous approach to defining public outcomes and quantifying results-to help readers understand and improve public service delivery. Filled with in-depth insight and expert advice, this guide will arm public service managers-whether in government, nonprofit, or even for-profit organizations-with a practical framework that can be used to define outcomes and manage trade-offs in public service delivery. Martin Cole (Hartford, CT) is Group Chief Executive of Accenture's Government Operating Group. Greg Parston (London, UK) is Executive Director of the Accenture Institute for Public Service Value.
The first book to address public policy in the light of recent corporate debacles Corporate Aftershock is a reasoned, informed response to the numerous proposals to restrict derivatives, structured financing activities, and shareholder protection principles and practices following the failure of Enron and other corporations. Readers get a cogent analysis of the public policy world after recent corporate debacles. Corporate Aftershock provides a detailed background of the markets, players, regulations, and institutional environment surrounding these failures. Christopher L. Culp, PhD (Chicago, IL), is a Principal at CP Risk Management LLC. William A. Niskanen, PhD (Washington, DC), is Chairman of the Cato Institute.
This volume seeks to facilitate such exposure by drawing together into a convenient collection the fine articles on CBA and its application that have appeared in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management (JPAM).
By examining the role of evidence in social policymaking and the extent of its influence, Evidence and Evaluation in Social Policy delves deeply into one of the central questions of the field for the last 20 years. Chronicles the trend towards evidence-based policy over the last decade Assesses the ways in which scarce resources can best be used for the best care, particularly in times of austerity Describes methodological innovation, the ways in which researchers and politicians are working together effectively, and suggestions for future improvement Covers topics such as the role of randomized controlled trials in shaping public policy; the pitfalls of evidence-based policy as a prescriptive ideal; the challenges of measuring public support for policy interventions; and the benefits of engaging local government decision-makers with evaluation research
Public budgeting structure, process, legal framework and policy with examples from industrialized and developing countries Public Budgeting in Context examines budgeting at all levels of U.S. government—federal, state, and local—and in a sample of governments around the world. The book assesses the context of public budgeting in these governments, especially the legal foundations for its practice and how the process and final budgets are impacted by governance structures, laws, various budget actors and different branches of government. The author presents focused attention on the influences on government budgets of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government, the bureaucracy, the public and the media. In light of worldwide fiscal malaise, especially during and since the Great Recession, this book illustrates the heightened complexity of the budgeting environment that pervades all governments today—industrialized or developing, large or small. For those who like to dive into the details, the book presents numerous examples of public budgeting as practiced and points to the wealth of data available for analyses of the budgetary context and process, budget shares and results regarding virtually any government of interest. Chapters cover the constitutional and statutory provisions for budgeting in selected governments. Budget and policy agenda setting and executive leadership, legislative budget powers and the influence of the judiciary on modern government budgets are exposed. Budget execution requirements of the bureaucracy, the input of customers, clients and citizens to government budgets, and media influences on public budgets and agencies are highlighted. Budget mechanics—budget types, formats, timelines and reforms—are introduced and compared. Taxes and intergovernmental revenues are considered, with predominant tax choices at every level of government in the United States and those in a select, developing country represented. The book introduces an emerging method for investigating the outcomes of government spending—human rights budget analysis—and includes as an example the assessment of budget reform and results of public health spending in one selected government. Highlights of Public Budgeting in Context Offers a comprehensive text for understanding public budgeting in governments of a variety of contexts and capacities and across different levels Written by a noted expert in the field of public budgeting and financial management Contains illustrative examples from industrialized and developing countries Guides to innumerable datasets with information about governments and their budgets Includes a companion website filled with templates for budget and fiscal analysis Unravel the complex issues of modern public budgeting using this unique presentation of its practice in a variety of governments in the U.S. and a select sample from around the world.
This text provides students a foundation in public health practice and management, focusing on developing the knowledge and skills required by the real world of public health. The authors of Transforming Public Health Practice explain the drivers of change in public health practice, key success factors for public health programs, dealing with the chronic disease burden, the impact of national health policy on public health practice, and tools for understanding and managing population health. Transforming Public Health Practice covers core leadership and management skills, covering areas such as politics, workforce, partnership and collaboration, change management, outcomes orientation, opportunities for improvement, health equity, and future challenges. Case studies highlight innovations in health education, working with people with disabilities, partnerships in response to disease outbreaks, and health programs. Learning objectives, chapter summaries, key terms, and discussion questions enhance each chapter. A downloadable instructors' supplement is available on the companion Web site for the book.
This thoroughly revised and updated third edition of The Ethics Challenge in Public Service is the classic ethics text used in public management programs nationwide. The book serves as a valuable resource for public managers who work in a world that presents numerous ethical challenges every day. It is filled with a wealth of practical tools and strategies that public managers can use when making ethical choices in the ambiguous and pressured world of public service. The book also contains new material on topics such as social networking, the use of apology, ethics as applied to public policy, working with elected officials, and more. «The Ethics Challenge in Public Service, now in its third edition, continues to be simply indispensable for teaching public service ethics. Thoroughly updated to encompass the latest developments in the field, this new edition adds both a companion website and an instructor's website, further enhancing its value for both students and faculty.» —Guy B. Adams, Harry S. Truman School of Public Affairs, University of Missouri «If you want to know about ethical decision making in public service, this is the book to read.» —Patricia J. Harned, president, Ethics Resource Center «This book cuts through the rhetoric and the partisanship right to the heart of ethics in the public service; here is a smooth blend of how and why.» —Carole L. Jurkiewicz, Woman's Hospital Distinguished Professor of Healthcare Management, John W. Dupuy Endowed Professor, Louisiana State University
Responding to the growing interest in public health, Public Health Foundations is an accessible and comprehensive text that offers a reader-friendly introduction to core concepts and current practices. The authors use an engaging approach to topics such as epidemiology and pharmacoepidemiology, biostatistics, infectious disease, environmental health, social and behavioral sciences, health services and policy, quantitative and qualitative research methods, and health disparities. Ready for the classroom, each chapter includes learning objectives, an overview, detailed explanations, case studies, a summary, key terms, and review questions. Sidebars connect students to topics of current interest in the field of public health, including ethics, emerging and reemerging infectious diseases, environmental hazards, climate change, social justice, and issues of insurance and access to health care. Reflecting and expanding on recommendations of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, Public Health Foundations provides a solid framework for understanding the basics of public health and is the ideal text for a wide range of courses in public health. Companion Web site: josseybass.com/go/andresen
Museums and the Public Sphere investigates the role of museums around the world as sites of democratic public space. Explores the role of museums around the world as sites of public discourse and democracy Examines the changing idea of the museum in relation to other public sites and spaces, including community cultural centers, public halls and the internet Offers a sophisticated portrait of the public, and how it is realized, invoked, and understood in the museum context Offers relevant case studies and discussions of how museums can engage with their publics' in more complex, productive ways
The third edition of Ethics in Finance presents an authoritative and wide-ranging examination of the major ethical issues in finance. This new edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated with extensive coverage of the recent financial crisis and the very latest developments within the financial world. Substantially updated new edition with nearly 40% new material, including sections on credit cards, mortgage lending, microfinance, risk management, derivatives, and securitization Includes coverage and references to the recent financial crisis and the very latest developments within the financial world Focuses on the practical issues that confront finance professionals, policy makers, and consumers of financial services Cites examples of the scandals that have shaken public confidence in Wall Street and world financial markets Includes numerous examples throughout to illustrate the concepts and issues described within the text
How to apply for-profit marketing strategies to non-profit organizations Branding for the Public Sector presents powerful and effective branding strategies for the public sector illustrated through case studies and examples. The book covers branding architecture, brand vision, market research, brand perception, engagement, communication, managing brand change and much more. Additionally, the book highlights the future of public sector branding and how organizations in the public sector may be a key driver of economic growth and prosperity through the twenty-first century. Branding for the Public Sector offers expert guidance for managers and leaders who want to build powerful, influential brands in the public sector. Presents strategies and actions for building a powerful, memorable public sector brand Explains why the public sector will be the next huge growth sector in branding Explores the competencies needed to successfully manage a public sector brand
Complete coverage of the current major public key cryptosystems their underlying mathematics and the most common techniques used in attacking them Public Key Cryptography: Applications and Attacks introduces and explains the fundamentals of public key cryptography and explores its application in all major public key cryptosystems in current use, including ElGamal, RSA, Elliptic Curve, and digital signature schemes. It provides the underlying mathematics needed to build and study these schemes as needed, and examines attacks on said schemes via the mathematical problems on which they are based – such as the discrete logarithm problem and the difficulty of factoring integers. The book contains approximately ten examples with detailed solutions, while each chapter includes forty to fifty problems with full solutions for odd-numbered problems provided in the Appendix. Public Key Cryptography: • Explains fundamentals of public key cryptography • Offers numerous examples and exercises • Provides excellent study tools for those preparing to take the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) exam • Provides solutions to the end-of-chapter problems Public Key Cryptography provides a solid background for anyone who is employed by or seeking employment with a government organization, cloud service provider, or any large enterprise that uses public key systems to secure data.