This is the first book to show the development of Russian architecture over the past thousand years as a part of the history of Western architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, Russia's leading architectural historian, departs from the accepted notion that Russian architecture developed independent of outside cultural influences and demonstrates that, to the contrary, the influence of the West extends back to the tenth century and continues into the present. He offers compelling assessments of all the main masterpieces of Russian architecture and frames a radically new architectural history for Russia. The book systematically analyses Russian buildings in relation to developments in European art, pointing out where familiar European features are expressed in Russian projects. Special attention is directed toward decorations based on Byzantine models; the heritage of Italian master builders and carvers; the impact of architects and others sent by Elizabeth I; the formation of the Russian Imperial Baroque; the Enlightenment in Russian art; and 19th- and 20th-century European influences. With over 300 specially commissioned photographs of sites throughout Russia and western Europe, this magnificent book is both beautiful and ground-breaking.
The main goal of the current master dissertation is the research of the brand portfolio architecture. Brand portfolio analysis is made from two perspectives: analysis of the theoretical concepts and models of the brand portfolio architecture; and the practical analysis of the Gillette Company brand portfolio in the female segment of Russian market. With this example the author aimed to make a practical application of the brand architecture theories and to check their viability in the real business cases.
This book first published in 1982 considers the problems of efficiently managing large enterprises which are common to both the West and to the Soviet Union. The growth in management science in the West has been paralleled in the Soviet Union in the years since Khrushchev's fall.
The study proposes a scientific view on development of Russia in Mongol period, which differs from the modern mainstream of Russian science. The hypothesis is put forward that Russia has lagged behind West in the technical and political aspects before the Mongol conquest. Russian princedoms suffered from a rarity of the population. The level of military affairs in the Russian States was lower as on West and in Mongolia. Mongolian conquest resulted in an outflow of money capital and the decline of crafts in Russia. Russia was included into the economy of Mongolian Empire as a supplier of fur and an importer of manufactured goods. The strengthening of the Moscow Principality in the XIV century became as result of economic and military trends in Eastern Russia and Golden Horde, in particular the decline of neighboring principalities.
The essay suggests a methodological attitude needed for better comprehension of the Russia's history, the Soviet Union namely, its rise and development. The Soviet Union is viewed as a modernised and specifically Russian correlate of the West. It deals with the Russian traditions, belief and the necessary modernisation undertaken due to the West's influence. It takes into consideration both the Western and Russian thought in order to get a balanced epistemological starting point.
Strange as it may seem, however, there are almost no books devoted to this most famous of periods in Russian art. The most recent fundamental studies on the Russian Empire style appeared as long ago as 1935-1936. This means that "Russian Empire", which appears on the eve of the new millennium, can be regarded as the first attempt to assess the period in the perspective of modern art-historical studies. The new volume covers the full range of the Empire style's various manifestations in architecture and urban development, sculpture and decorative painting, integrated interior design and the creative arts and crafts - furniture, bronze-casting, light-fittings, fabrics and costume. Издание полностью на английском языке.
Frank Lloyd Wright's buildings on the West Coast have not been thoroughly covered in print until now. Between 1909 and 1959, Wright designed a total of 38 structures up and down the West Coast, from Seattle to Southern California. These include well-known structures such as the Marin County Civic Center and Hollyhock House in Los Angeles, and many lesser-known gems such as the 1909 Stewart House near Santa Barbara. MARK ANTHONY WILSON is an architectural historian who has been writing and teaching about architecture for more than thirty-five years. He holds a B.A. in history from UC Berkeley and an M.A. in history and media from California State University, East Bay. He has written four previous books about architecture, including Julia Morgan: Architect of Beauty (Gibbs Smith, 2007) and Bernard Maybeck: Architect of Elegance (Gibbs Smith, 2011). His articles have appeared in the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Christian Science Monitor, USA Today, and elsewhere. Mark lives in Berkeley, California, with his wife, Ann, and his daughter, Elena. With more than 200 photographs by veteran architectural photographer Joel Puliatti and 50 archival images (many of which have never been seen in print before), this comprehensive survey of Wright's West Coast legacy features background information on the clients' relationships with Wright, including insights gleaned from correspondence with the original owners and interviews with many of the current owners.
This research aims to find the connection between the use of human body in the traditional architecture of the Malay and Dayak dwellings in West Kalimantan by reviewing their respective architectural anatomies. This research analysis was carried out using selected cases of two (2) indigenous traditional architectures found at various locations throughout West Kalimantan: the Malay dwellings and the Dayak dwellings. The three types of traditional Malay stage dwellings taken as research objects while several examples of the Dayak longhouse (rumah panjang) of the Taman sub-ethnic group of the Dayak in West Kalimantan were used as comparison research objects. By analyzing the use of the human body anatomy in the construction of the traditional architecture of both the Malay and Dayak dwellings in West Kalimantan, it was found that the anatomy of dwellings functioned like vital organs in order to facilitate the comfort and activities of the occupants as well as to maintain a harmonious holistic balance with both the physical environment/public world without and the spiritual/private world within.
Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney declared on March, 27th 2012 Russia "without question, our No. 1 geopolitical foe". Is Russia still such a threat for the US and the West as in the times of Cold War? Russia has repeatedly announced its peaceful intentions. There is also an ongoing process of incremental disarmament between the old Cold War rivals. At the first sight, Russia is a valuable and cooperative partner for West. At the second sight, there are many unanswered questions about Russian attitude towards the arms control and disarmament. The goal of this work is to trace the continuity and change in Russia's policy of arms control and disarmament.
A survey of the built environment distills the work of legendary author and illustrator Francis D.K.Ching into a single volume Introduction to Architecture presents the essential texts and drawings of Francis D.K.Ching for those new to architecture and design. With his typical highly graphic approach, this is the first introductory text from Ching that surveys the design of spaces, buildings, and cities. In an easy to understand format, readers will explore the histories and theories of architecture, design elements and process, and the technical aspects of the contemporary profession of architecture. The book explains the experience and practice of architecture and allied disciplines for future professionals, while those who love the beauty of architecture drawing will delight in the gorgeous illustrations included. - Overview of the issues and practices of architecture in an all-in-one introductory text. - Includes new chapters and introductory essays by James Eckler, and features more than 1,000 drawings throughout. - Professor Ching is the bestselling author of numerous books on architecture and design, all published by Wiley; his works have been translated into 16 languages and are regarded as classics for their renowned graphical presentation. For those pursuing a career in architecture or anyone who loves architectural design and drawing, INTRODUCTION TO ARCHITECTURE presents a beautifully illustrated and comprehensive guide to the subject.
The architect Leonid Pavlov's unique talent fully flourished in the period between I960 and 1980. But the path that led him to the creation of his most significant works is no less interesting. Pavlov is one of those who embody the living connection between the avant-garde and post-Stalin Modernist architecture. In fact, his experience shows that two decades of the enforced historicism of the Stalin era could be seen as a kind of school, enriching architects' skills and giving them a more profound understanding of their art. Similarly, Khrushchev's reform of 1955, considered by many as the end of the architectural profession itself, offered Pavlov both a liberating path and a chance to try out new and exciting directions. An engaged flexibility helped him adapt to the "official point of view" and current trends and - combined with his inner integrity - allowed him to work productively throughout his life. Unfortunately, none of his rare Constructivist buildings have survived to this day (there were few of them, as he only started practicing architecture in 1930). However, his highly personal versions of Neoclassicism, post-Stalin Modernism and Postmodernism are of very high value. Especially noteworthy is his successful treatment of the latter style, mostly represented in Russian architecture, traumatized by the enforced historicism of the Stalin years by inferior eclectic buildings. For Pavlov there was no contradiction between the Classical and the Modern. He would use the golden ratio, refer to Palladio and to Old Russian church styles even when creating his Modernist buildings. Perhaps then it is only natural that he would start later using historical references more conspicuously. A closer look at the biography of Leonid Pavlov, then, his main creative works and texts where he describes his attitude to the art of architecture and the profession itself, will help us better understand the history of Soviet architecture.
St Petersburg is the youngest among well-known European cities - its tercentenary was celebrated in 2003. For more than two hundred years it was the brilliant capital of the immense Russian Empire pushing the old patriarchal Moscow into the background. Having lost the official status of the capital in 1918, it has still remained the country's cultural and spiritual centre. It was in St Petersburg that the new type of Russian man was being formed, the greatest triumphs were celebrated and the events that influenced the destiny of Russia and the world as a whole took place. Not a single Russian city caused such admiration and was an object of such damnation as St Petersburg; there is no other city in Russia with which the brightest hopes and the darkest prophecies were associated.
One of the most important books on the modern movement in architecture. The New Architecture and the Bauhaus poses some of the fundamental problems presented by the relations of art and industry and considers their possible, practical solution. Gropius traces the rise of the New Architecture and the work of the now famous Bauhaus and, with splendid clarity, calls for a new artist and architect educated to new materials and techniques and directly confronting the requirements of the age.
This work is a comprehensive overview of architecture worldwide since the 1960s. A guide to the many and varied contemporary architectural trends, it leads the reader through the styles and movements of architecture in the latter half of the 20th century. The Modern Movement in architecture early in the 20th century gave rise to the "International Style" - architecture was intended to transcend its time and place and provide a new world order in building and city planning. In the 1960s, modernism was seriously challenged by architects who began to question the validity of its principles. In place of modernism, a diverse array of building types and styles, driven by new architectural beliefs and theories, began to emerge. This text is an attempt to make sense of the pluralistic nature of contemporary architecture, by offering an accessible critique of the world's most prominent architectural movements and trends.