Clark and Mingyuan start with an insightful and comprehensive description of how market participants contributed to the current crisis in the residential mortgage markets and the root causes of the crisis. They then proceed to develop a new residential mortgage lending system that can fix our broken markets because it addresses the root causes. The most impressive attributes of their new system is its commonsense return to the basics of traditional underwriting, combined with factors based on expert judgment and statistics and forward-looking attributes, all of which can be updated as markets change. The whole process is transparent to the borrower, lender, and investor. —Dean Schultz, President and CEO, Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco «The credit market crisis of 2008 has deeply affected the economic lives of every American. Yet, its underlying causes and its surface features are so complex that many observers and even policymakers barely understand them. This timely book will help guide nonspecialists through the workings of financial markets, particularly how they value, price, and distribute risk.» —Professor William Greene, Stern School of Business, New York University «This book is a well-timed departure from much of what is being written today regarding the current foreclosure and credit crisis. Rather than attempting to blame lenders, borrowers, and/or federal regulators for the mortgage meltdown and the subsequent impacts on the financial markets, Clark and Mingyuan have proposed a groundbreaking new framework to revolutionize our current lending system. The book is built on the authors' deep understanding of risk and the models used for credit analysis, and reflects their commitment to solve the problem. What I find most profound is their passion to develop a system that will facilitate new and better investment, especially in underserved urban markets that have been disproportionately impacted in the current crisis. I applaud the authors for this important work, and urge practitioners and theorists alike to investigate this new approach.» —John Talmage, President and CEO, Social Compact «In the wake of the credit crisis, it is clear that transparency is the key to not repeating history. In Credit Risk Assessment: The New Lending System for Borrowers, Lenders and Investors, Clark Abrahams and Mingyuan Zhang describe a new lending framework that seeks to connect all the players in the lending chain and provide a more holistic view of customers' risk potential. As the financial services industry recovers from the mortgage meltdown, the Abrahams/Zhang lending model certainly offers some new food for thought to laymen and professionals alike.» —Maria Bruno-Britz, Senior Editor, Bank Systems & Technology magazine
Эта книга — репринт оригинального издания (издательство "New York : Macmillan", 1924 год), созданный на основе электронной копии высокого разрешения, которую очистили и обработали вручную, сохранив структуру и орфографию оригинального издания. Редкие, забытые и малоизвестные книги, изданные с петровских времен до наших дней, вновь доступны в виде печатных книг.
The only guidebook that shows you how to finance any property–with or without bank approval Would you like to discover all of the many ways that you can finance real estate? Want to learn how to cut your financing costs, avoid pitfalls, and negotiate the best terms? Then let Gary Eldred's 106 Mortgage Secrets All Borrowers Must Learn–But Lenders Don't Tell, Second Edition guide you. Fully updated, this practical guide explains how today's changing mortgage market really works. Unlike other mortgage guides, this book goes beyond traditional bank-originated loans and shows you how to benefit with seller financing, assumables, subject-to, wraparounds, lease options, foreclosures, and other money-saving possibilities. 106 Mortgage Secrets also protects you from the sharp practices of loan reps that have recently sparked Congressional hearings and multiple state investigations. In addition, Eldred shows how and why the right financing decisions can add tens (and sometimes hundreds) of thousands of dollars to your long-term net worth. With these 106 secrets, you'll build the confidence and the knowledge to: * Increase your borrowing power * Obtain the lowest interest rate * Understand the true pros and cons of ARMs * Cut (or eliminate) the cost of mortgage insurance * Save big with seller financing, assumptions, foreclosures, and REOs * Strengthen your credit profile and credit score * Avoid getting taken… by the fine print and garbage fees * Steer clear of scams and unprincipled loan reps and lenders * Accumulate wealth through homeownership and investment properties Simple, concise, and comprehensive, this book reveals everything property buyers need to know–especially the 106 financing secrets lenders too often omit.
Former subprime lender Richard Bitner once worked in an industry that started out helping disadvantaged customers but collapsed due to greed, lack of financial control and willful ignorance. In Confessions of a Subprime Lender: An Insider's Tale of Greed, Fraud, and Ignorance, he reveals the truth about how the subprime lending business spiraled out of control, pushed home prices to unsustainable levels, and turned unqualified applicants into qualified borrowers through creative financing. Learn about the ways the mortgage industry can be fixed with his twenty suggestions for critical change.
A better development and implementation framework for credit risk scorecards Intelligent Credit Scoring presents a business-oriented process for the development and implementation of risk prediction scorecards. The credit scorecard is a powerful tool for measuring the risk of individual borrowers, gauging overall risk exposure and developing analytically driven, risk-adjusted strategies for existing customers. In the past 10 years, hundreds of banks worldwide have brought the process of developing credit scoring models in-house, while ‘credit scores' have become a frequent topic of conversation in many countries where bureau scores are used broadly. In the United States, the ‘FICO' and ‘Vantage' scores continue to be discussed by borrowers hoping to get a better deal from the banks. While knowledge of the statistical processes around building credit scorecards is common, the business context and intelligence that allows you to build better, more robust, and ultimately more intelligent, scorecards is not. As the follow-up to Credit Risk Scorecards, this updated second edition includes new detailed examples, new real-world stories, new diagrams, deeper discussion on topics including WOE curves, the latest trends that expand scorecard functionality and new in-depth analyses in every chapter. Expanded coverage includes new chapters on defining infrastructure for in-house credit scoring, validation, governance, and Big Data. Black box scorecard development by isolated teams has resulted in statistically valid, but operationally unacceptable models at times. This book shows you how various personas in a financial institution can work together to create more intelligent scorecards, to avoid disasters, and facilitate better decision making. Key items discussed include: Following a clear step by step framework for development, implementation, and beyond Lots of real life tips and hints on how to detect and fix data issues How to realise bigger ROI from credit scoring using internal resources Explore new trends and advances to get more out of the scorecard Credit scoring is now a very common tool used by banks, Telcos, and others around the world for loan origination, decisioning, credit limit management, collections management, cross selling, and many other decisions. Intelligent Credit Scoring helps you organise resources, streamline processes, and build more intelligent scorecards that will help achieve better results.
Credit and credit risk permeates every corner of the financial world. Previously credit tended to be acknowledged only when dealing with counterparty credit risk, high-yield debt or credit-linked derivatives, now it affects all things, including such fundamental concepts as assessing the present value of a future cash flow. The purpose of this book is to analyze credit from the beginning—the point at which any borrowing entity (sovereign, corporate, etc.) decides to raise capital through its treasury operation. To describe the debt management activity, the book presents examples from the development banking world which not only presents a clearer banking structure but in addition sits at the intersection of many topical issues (multi-lateral agencies, quasi-governmental entities, Emerging Markets, shrinking pool of AAA borrowers, etc.). This book covers: Curve construction (instruments, collateralization, discounting, bootstrapping) Credit and fair valuing of loans (modeling, development institutions) Emerging markets and liquidity (liquidity, credit, capital control, development) Bond pricing (credit, illiquid bonds, recovery pricing) Treasury (funding as an asset swap structure, benchmarks for borrowing/investing) Risk and asset liability management (leverage, hedging, funding risk)
Project finance has spread worldwide and includes numerous industrial projects from power stations and waste-disposal plants to telecommunication facilities, bridges, tunnels, railway networks, and now also the building of hospitals, education facilities, government accommodation and tourist facilities. Despite financial assessment of PF projects being fundamental to the lender’s decision, there is little understanding of how the use of finance is perceived by individual stakeholders; why and how a financial assessment is performed; who should be involved; where and when it should be performed; what data should be used; and how financial assessments should be presented. Current uncertainty in financial markets makes many sponsors of construction project financings carefully consider bank liquidity, the higher cost of finance, and general uncertainty for demand. This has resulted in the postponement of a number of projects in certain industry sectors. Governments have seen tax receipts drastically reduced which has affected their ability to finance infrastructure projects, often irrespective of the perceived demand. Equity providers still seek to invest, however there are less opportunities due to market dislocation. Due to the demand for global infrastructure it is believed that project financings will return to their pre-crunch levels, or more so, however lenders’ liquidity costs will be passed on to the borrowers. Lenders will also be under stricter regulation both internally and externally. The steps outlined in the guide are designed to provide a basic understanding for all those involved or interested in both structuring and assessing project financings. Secondary contracts involving constructors, operators, finance providers, suppliers and offtakers can be developed and assessed to determine their commercial viability over a projects life cycle. Special Features a structured guide to assessing the commercial viability of construction projects explains economic metrics to use in the decision making process detailed case study shows how stakeholders apply the concept of project finance
Make your money make a difference—and enjoy attractive returns Small Money, Big Impact explores and explains the globally growing importance of impact investing. Today, the investor's perspective has become as important as the actual social impact. Based on their experience with over 25 million micro borrowers, the authors delve into the mechanics, considerations, data and strategies that make microloans and impact investing an attractive asset class. From the World Bank to the individual investor, impact investing is attracting more and more attention. Impact investing is a global megatrend and is reshaping the way people invest as pension funds, insurance companies, foundations, family offices and private investors jump on board. This book explains for the first time how it works, why it works and what you should know if you're ready to help change the world. Impact investing has proven over the last 20 years as the first-line offense against crushing poverty. Over two billion people still lack access to basic financial services, which are essential for improving their livelihood. Investors have experienced not only social and environmental impact, but have received attractive, stable and uncorrelated returns for over 15 years. This guide provides the latest insights and methodologies that help you reap the rewards of investing in humanity. Explore the global impact investing phenomenon Learn how microloans work, and how they make a difference Discover why investors are increasingly leaning into impact investing Consider the factors that inform impact investing decisions Part social movement and part financial strategy, impact investing offers the unique opportunity for investors to power tremendous change with a small amount of money— expanding their portfolios as they expand their own global impact. Microfinance allows investors at any level to step in where banks refuse to tread, offering opportunity to those who need it most. Small Money, Big Impact provides the expert guidance you need to optimize the impact on your portfolio and the world.
A Must-read guide to real estate investing during turbulent times Given the current state of the economy, you might be asking yourself if right now is the right time to be investing in real estate. With the third edition of Getting Started in Real Estate Investing as your guide, you’ll quickly discover how a combination of commitment and caution can help you make it in today’s market. Designed for investors who want to get started in real estate, but don’t know where to begin, this reliable resource will help you break into this fast-moving field and build equity the right way. Getting Started in Real Estate Investing, Third Edition addresses everything from selecting the right properties and becoming a landlord to using the proper tax strategies and finding the right professionals to work with. It also outlines issues you must be aware of in light of recent events, including the best ways to finance your real estate investments, considering the status of mortgage financing, and new requirements that may be thrown at borrowers. The new edition is updated to include information on: Surviving in the post-bust housing market Picking investments with the new credit realities Looking ahead to future housing booms Reading the emerging housing trends Written in straightforward and accessible style—with a focus on residential and multifamily properties—Getting Started in Real Estate Investing, Third Edition also contains helpful information that will allow you to analyze your financial ability to buy and hold real estate as well as avoid potential pitfalls. In order to excel in real estate investing, you need to start by defining what you want to do and how much risk you can afford. But ultimately, success depends on making informed decisions about where and when to invest, and Getting Started in Real Estate Investing, Third Edition gives you the tools to achieve these goals—even under the most difficult market conditions.
An unabridged edition to include: The Assignation - Charon - The Death of Pan - The Sphinx at Giza - The Hen - Wind and Fog - The Raft-Builders - The Workman - The Guest - Death and Odysseus - Death and the Orange - The Prayer of the Flower - Time and the Tradesman - The Little City - The Unpasturable Fields - The Worm and the Angel - The Songless Country - The Latest Thing - The Demagogue and the Demi-monde - The Giant Poppy - Roses - The Man with the Golden Ear-rings - The Dream of King Karna-Vootra - The Storm - A Mistaken Identity - The True History of the Hare and the Tortoise - Alone the Immortals - A Moral Little Tale - The Return of Song - Spring in Town - How the Enemy Came to Thlunrana - A Losing Game - Taking Up Picadilly - After the Fire - The City - The Food of Death - The Lonely Idol - The Sphinx in Thebes (Massachusetts) - The Reward - The Trouble in Leafy Green Street - The Mist - Furrow-Maker - Lobster Salad - The Return of the Exiles - Nature and Time - The Song of the Blackbird - The Messengers - The Three Tall Sons - Compromise - What We Have Come To - The Tomb of Pan
An unabridged edition, to include: The Unusual Soirée - The Anarchists' Council - The Tale of a Detective - The Feast of Fear - The Exposure - The Unaccountable Conduct of Professor de Worms - The Man in Spectacles - The Duel - The Criminals Chase the Police - The Earth in Anarchy - The Pursuit of the President - The Six Philosophers - The Accuser
Сказки и рассказы о животных на английском языке. The Three Pigs The Three Bears The Country Mouse and the City Mouse Little Red Riding Hood The Fisherman and the Little Gold Fish The Cat and the Mice The Wolf and the Three Kittens The Dog and the Kittens The Big Wolf and the Little Bee The Big Spider and the Little Fly Lecture on Friendship The Mouse Teaches the Cat a Lesson The Camel and the Jackal Why Rabbits Have got Long Ears Why Brother Rabbit and Brother Fox are not Friends The Little Red Hen The Lion and the Mouse Mother's Love The Wonderful Basket The Horse The Cow The Ox The Sheep The Goat About Badgers
Сказки и рассказы о животных на английском языке.The Three Pigs The Three Bears The Country Mouse and the City Mouse Little Red Riding Hood The Fisherman and the Little Gold Fish The Cat and the Mice The Wolf and the Three Kittens The Dog and the Kittens The Big Wolf and the Little Bee The Big Spider and the Little Fly Lecture on Friendship The Mouse Teaches the Cat a Lesson The Camel and the Jackal Why Rabbits Have got Long Ears Why Brother Rabbit and Brother Fox are not Friends The Little Red Hen The Lion and the Mouse Mother's Love The Wonderful Basket The Horse The Cow The Ox The Sheep The Goat About Badgers
This book presents the technical characteristics of the two radio network interfaces of mobile 4G, LTE and LTE Advanced, based on Release 8, 9 and 10 of the 3GPP specifications. Points covered include a detailed description of various components of the radio interface. RRC signaling messages used to establish the connection, enabling the security, the paging, the establishment and the release of dedicated and default support and the handover. The PDCP ensures the security of the transmission and allows the recovery during handover and the compression of the headers. The RLC protocol defines the transmission modes with or without acknowledgment. The MAC protocol determines the random access, the data transfer, the timing advance, the scheduling and the discontinuous reception. The physical layer includes a description of the methods of multiplexing (time, frequency and space) and the various signals and physical channels.