Over 99% of the world's population is infected with at least one potentially cancer-causing organism. It is vital for nurses and other healthcare professionals to be aware of the extent of infection-associated cancer and of how they can contribute to prevention of such cancers. Infectious Causes of Cancer, aimed principally at nurses and other healthcare professionals, considers the epidemiology and biology of infectious causes of cancer. It examines each of the infectious agents associated with an increased risk of cancer, discussing epidemiology of the infection and cancer, pathophysiology of the cancer, mechanisms, associated risk factors, and prevention of the infection and cancer. Key Features: A comprehensive and accessible guide to infection associated cancer and how to contribute to prevention A must-have for students or healthcare professionals working in oncology, primary care or health promotion Brings together all the up-to-date science, evidence and research related to infections and cancer in one publication
Introducing the first evidence-based casebook for hospital clinicians This book introduces illustrated, evidence-based clinical cases drawn from real-world hospital practice. Geared to the needs of hospital clinicians, Clinical Care Conundrums: Challenging Diagnoses in Hospital Medicine focuses on sharpening clinical reasoning and diagnostic skills, giving readers the tools to recognize and diagnose a wide array of diseases, while promoting diagnostic safety in hospital medicine. Written by leading experts on the topics under discussion, this volume offers a hand-picked collection of case studies from the widely popular Clinical Care Conundrum (CCC) series found in the Journal of Hospital Medicine. Each chapter presents a case to an expert clinician, who explains his or her approach to diagnosing challenging medical dilemmas. Each chapter concludes with a concise review of recent literature and, if applicable, with discussions of cognitive errors that may impact clinical diagnosis and patient care. Readers will find: An appealing presentation style that combines high-quality images and text Coverage of both common conditions and uncommon but important diseases encountered in the hospital setting A look at the state of the art of clinical reasoning, an area of critical interest to clinicians Practical «pearls» for each case study that readers can apply in their own practice Clinical Care Conundrums is an indispensable reference for hospitalists, hospital-based physicians and midlevel providers, physicians-in-training, and the many other medical practitioners who come up against difficult cases on a daily basis.
The Royal Marsden is the world’s first hospital dedicated to cancer diagnosis, treatment, research and education – a centre of excellence with an international reputation for ground-breaking research and pioneering the very latest in cancer treatments and technologies, as well as specialising in cancer diagnosis and education. This companion volume to the internationally successful The Royal Marsden Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures is designed to support practitioners who work specifically with oncology patients by providing detailed evidence-based procedures and rationale, and problem-solving guidance on all aspects of oncology nursing. The Royal Marsden Manual of Cancer Nursing Procedures: Is organized and structured to represent the needs of the patient along their care pathway Provides the latest evidence underpinning all procedures Includes information on haematological procedures; pain assessment and management; wound care; oncological emergencies; and end-of-life care Gives detailed guidelines on supporting patients living with cancer with practical information on such things as benefits, exercise and nutrition. The Royal Marsden Manual of Cancer Nursing Procedures is an invaluable, definitive resource for all those involved in the provision of cancer care and support to patients and their families.
Acute urinary stones cause one of the most painful sensations the human body can experience, more painful than childbirth, broken bones, gunshot wounds or burns. Master your patient management with this comprehensive guide to a debilitating medical condition. Urinary Stones: Medical and Surgical Management provides urologists, nephrologists and surgeons with a practical, accessible guide to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of urinary stone disease. Divided into 2 parts – covering both medical and surgical management – leading experts discuss the key issues and examine how to deliver best practice in the clinical care of your patients. Topics covered include: Evaluation and management of stones in children Renal colic and medical expulsive therapy Imaging in stone disease: sonography, contrast based fluoroscopy, computed tomography and magnetic resonance urography Multimodality therapy: mixing and matching techniques to improve outcome Complications of stone disease Interpretation of 24 hour urine chemistry Prevention of recurrent calcium, uric acid, struvite and cystine stones The different surgical techniques, including: ureteroscopy, shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopic lithotripsy and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy Packed with high-quality figures, key points, and management algorithms, easy to follow, clear clinical guidance is supported by the very latest in management guidelines from the AUA and EAU. Brought to you by the best, this is the perfect consultation tool when on the wards or in the office.
ABC of Transfer and Retrieval Medicine provides the key information required to help health care professionals involved in the movement of critically ill patients to do so safely, correctly and with confidence. Beginning with the practical and clinical considerations to be taken into account during patient transfer and an overview of transfer equipment, it then addresses pharmacological aspects of patient transfer, the roles and responsibilities of the transfer team, and the requirements of neonatal, paediatric and specialist transfers. Mapped against the syllabus for the Diploma of Retrieval and Transfer Medicine (Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh), it has been developed as a core resource for the diploma whilst providing an invaluable resource for any healthcare professional involved in the transfer of critically ill patients including anaesthetists, intensivists, nurses from ICU/ED and paramedics. It also includes frameworks for radiology and arterial blood gas interpretation, guidance on patient triage, transfer checklists and equipment checklists, and a summary of the relevant national guidelines. From a multidisciplinary international author team, this new addition to the ABC series is a useful resource for all health care professionals involved in the transfer of patients. It is relevant to anaesthetists, intensivists, paramedics, critical care and emergency department nursing staff who are required to take part in intra and inter hospital transfers.
Prevention is the first line of defence in the fight against infection. As antibiotics and other antimicrobials encounter increasing reports of microbial resistance, the field of decontamination science is undergoing a major revival. A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare is a comprehensive training manual, providing practical guidance on all aspects of decontamination including: microbiology and infection control; regulations and standards; containment, transportation, handling, cleaning, disinfection and sterilization of patient used devices; surgical instrumentation; endoscopes; and quality management systems. Written by highly experienced professionals, A Practical Guide to Decontaminationin Healthcare comprises a systematic review of decontamination methods, with uses and advantages outlined for each. Up-to-date regulations, standards and guidelines are incorporated throughout, to better equip healthcare professionals with the information they need to meet the technical and operational challenges of medical decontamination. A Practical Guide to Decontaminationin Healthcare is an important new volume on state-of-the-art decontamination processes and a key reference source for all healthcare professionals working in infectious diseases, infection control/prevention and decontamination services.
From Reviews of the second edition: 'Christopher Johns is an internationally recognised pioneer of reflective practice in nursing and health care. The first edition of this book was an excellent resource and this updated version is equally impressive. This is a superb resource for nurses and all those eager to enhance their knowledge and skills in reflective practice. It is well presented, user-friendly and stimulating.' Nursing Standard Becoming a Reflective Practitioner is a practical guide to using reflection in every day clinical practice. It explores the value of using models of reflection, with particular reference to Christopher Johns' own model for structured reflection. Becoming a Reflective Practitioner includes accounts of everyday practice to guide the reader through the stages of reflective practice within the context of care, 'desirable practice', and the caring relationship. This third edition reflects significant developments in reflective theory and gives greater attention to different approaches to reflection including the use of narrative dialogue. New chapters are included on ensuring quality and managing conflict. Exemplars are included throughout and further references and reflected reading are included at the end of each chapter. Reflective practice is acknowledged as an effective approach to developing nursing care which evolves as the practitioner develops his or her own practice. This book will therefore be of interest to all nurses involved in developing their clinical practice. A practical guide to developing reflective practice Reflects significant developments in reflective theory Examines Christopher Johns’ own model for structured reflection Centred on care and the caring relationship Challenges practitioners to question their practice
A comprehensive look at the latest research findings and clinical applications of oncogenic viruses Written by a panel of academic experts, Viral Oncology is the first self-contained and comprehensive book to present both scientific and clinical information on viruses linked to some of the most important human cancers. Readers can turn to this book for the most in-depth and up-to-date coverage of: HPV-associated cancers; molecular events associated with HPV-induced human cancer; the role of the HPV E6 oncoprotein in malignant progression; virus association with brain tumors; involvement of the polyomavirus JCV in colorectal cancer; possibleassociation of BKV with prostate cancer; oncogenic transformation bypolyomavirus large T antigen; SV40 and human cancer; SV40 and mesothelioma; molecular immunology of hepatitis B–associated viral cancer; hepatitis B vaccine and hepatocellular carcinoma; pathogenesis of acute and chronic hepatitis Cvirus infection; molecular mechanisms of hepatitis C virus-induced cellulartransformation; clinical aspects of HTLV-1 associated cancer; oncogenic potential of the HTLV-1 tax protein; HIV-associated malignancy; HIV-related lymphoma; biology and epidemiology of HHV-8; the role of KSHV in pathogenesis of Kaposi'ssarcoma; molecular pathobiology of EBV infection; and EBV as a pathogen. Several chapters are devoted to the basic science of oncogenic viruses for thestudy of their pathogenesis, drug development, and employment of viral vectorsfor vaccine and gene therapy. The book also includes complementary clinically based chapters describing natural courses and treatments. Additionally, bonusclinical materials are embedded within chapters and an easy-to-use indexcompletes the book. Viral Oncology is an essential resource for clinical and research oncologists in medical facilities and biological research laboratories; clinicians and scientists working in related biomedical areas; medical students working toward a first or higher degree in the life sciences and other biomedical fields; and pharmaceutical scientists and developers.
Oral Medicine and Medically Complex Patients, Sixth Edition provides succinct, yet comprehensive information on in-hospital care and outpatient management of the medically complex dental patient, as well as the management of non-surgical problems of the maxillofacial region. Fully revised to include up-to-date information on procedures and medications, the Sixth Edition contains over 15 additional charts and tables for rapid reference and expanded coverage on maxillofacial prosthodontics and increasingly prevalent conditions, such as ONJ. Oral Medicine and Medically Complex Patients follows a practical approach, organizing essential information into quickly referenced tables, easy-to-read diagrams and step-by-step procedures. Replete with examples of hospital charts, operative notes, and consultations, the book provides thorough coverage of the broad scope of clinical problems and patient populations encountered by dentists. A truly must-have resource Oral Medicine and Medically Complex Patients serves the needs of an increasing number of dental students, residents in general practice and specialty training, and practitioners engaged in the care of both hospitalized and ambulatory patients.
In The Patient Revolution, author Krisa Tailor—a noted expert in health care innovation and management—explores, through the lens of design thinking, how information technology will take health care into the experience economy. In the experience economy, patients will shift to being empowered consumers who are active participants in their own care. Tailor explores this shift by creating a vision for a newly designed health care system that's focused on both sickness and wellness, and is driven by data and analytics. The new system seamlessly integrates health into our daily lives, and delivers care so uniquely personalized that no two people are provided identical treatments. Connected through data, everyone across the health care ecosystem, including clinicians, insurers, and researchers, will be able to meet individuals wherever they are in their health journey to reach the ultimate goal of keeping people healthy. The patient revolution has just begun and an exciting journey awaits us. Praise for the patient revolution «A full 50% of the US population has at least one chronic disease that requires ongoing monitoring and treatment. Our current health care system is woefully inadequate in providing these individuals with the treatment and support they need. This disparity can only be addressed through empowering patients to better care for themselves and giving providers better tools to care for their patients. Both of those solutions will require the development and application of novel technologies. In Krisa Tailor's book The Patient Revolution, a blueprint is articulated for how this could be achieved, culminating in a vision for a learning health system within 10 years.» —Ricky Bloomfield, MD, Director, Mobile Technology Strategy; Assistant Professor, Duke Medicine «In The Patient Revolution, Krisa Tailor astutely points out that 80% of health is impacted by factors outside of the health care system. Amazon unfortunately knows more about our patients than we do. The prescriptive analytics she describes will allow health care providers to use big data to optimize interventions at the level of the individual patient. The use of analytics will allow providers to improve quality, shape care coordination, and contain costs. Advanced analytics will lead to personalized care and ultimately empowered patients!» —Linda Butler, MD, Vice President of Medical Affairs/Chief Medical Officer/Chief Medical Information Officer, Rex Healthcare «The Patient Revolution provides a practical roadmap on how the industry can capture value by making health and care more personalized, anticipatory, and intuitive to patient needs.» —Ash Damle, CEO, Lumiata «Excellent read. For me, health care represents a unique economy—one focused on technology, but requiring a deep understanding of humanity. Ms. Tailor begins the exploration of how we provide care via the concepts of design thinking, asking how we might redesign care with an eye toward changing the experience. She does an excellent job deconstructing this from the patient experience. I look forward to a hopeful follow-up directed at changing the provider culture.» —Alan Pitt, MD, Chief Medical Officer, Avizia «Whether you're a health care provider looking to gain an understanding of the health care landscape, a health data scientist, or a seasoned business pro, you'll come away with a deeper, nuanced understanding of today's evolving health care system with this book. Krisa Tailor ties together—in a comprehensive, unique way—the worlds of health care administration, clinical practice, design thinking, and business strategy and innovation.» —Steven Chan, MD, MBA, University of California, Davis
ABC of Dementia is a practical guide to help healthcare professionals develop knowledge, skills, confidence and an understanding of dementia, in order to support those with dementia to live well. It begins with the cognitive disabilities and underlying brain diseases that define dementia, before moving on to diagnostic assessment and early intervention for dementia. There is a focus on the experience of the person with dementia and their families, highlighting the journey from diagnosis to end of life, including the role of person-centred care, and the limited therapeutic options available. Separate chapters address dementia in acute hospital settings, primary care, and care for those with the most severe challenges, as well as the specific needs of younger people developing dementia. The ethical and legal context of dementia care is also outlined. From a multidisciplinary author team, ABC of Dementia is a valuable resource for general practitioners, family physicians and other health care professionals caring for patients with dementia and related disorders. It is also relevant for geriatricians, psychologists, specialist and practice nurses, and nursing home staff.
The needs of cancer patients and their families are complex. Yet still more complex are the powerful social and cultural forces that shape the delivery of cancer care, and the way in which it experienced. Cancer Nursing: Care in Context addresses this by adopting a unique approach that situates cancer care in the context of society‘s attitudes to the disease, and the broader every-day needs of both patients and their carers. By combining evidenced-based information, a critical view of care and treatment, and ‘first-hand accounts’ of having cancer and caring for people with cancer, the book provides a new perspective how best to deliver the care that patients truly require. This second edition includes new chapters on prevention, diagnosis, symptoms, self-help and self-management, and living with cancer long-term. It also: • Addresses significant changes in cancer care, including expansion of nursing roles, the establishment of cancer networks and cancer collaborative projects • Considers NICE guidance on Supportive and Palliative care • Incorporates material on prevention and early detection • Includes evidence tables based on relevant literature Cancer Nursing: Care in Context is an invaluable resource for all those involved in the provision of cancer care and support to patients and their families.
The new edition of Major Incident Medical Management and Support is a vital component in the blended learning course from Advanced Life Support Group (ALSG), which aims to provide hospital staff at all levels with essential information on the preparation, management and support elements of dealing with casualties in a major incident. Split into five sections, each focuses on the elements requisite in preparing for, and responding, to a major incident. The first section discusses the epidemiology and incidences of major incidents and the structured approach to the hospital response. The second section contains the preparation required in planning for major incidents, including equipment and training. The third section covers the management of a major incident, concentrating on the clinical, nursing and management hierarchies. The fourth includes the various stages of support in a major incident, including declaring an incident and activating the plan, the reception, triage, definitive care and recovery phases of an incident. The final section focuses on special incidents which require additional consideration, including those involving hazardous chemicals, burns and children. Written in collaboration with the National Emergency Planning, Major Incident Medical Management and Support is an invaluable reference in the emergency department and beyond for staff needing to prepare for the rare, but inevitable, hospital major incidence response.
THE UPDATED DEFINITIVE REFERENCE ON MEDICAL AND DENTAL OFFICE DESIGN Medical and Dental Space Planning is an indispensable guide to the myriad of details that make a medical or dental practice efficient and productive. The unique needs of more than thirty specialties, as well as primary care, are explained in the context of new technology and the many regulatory and compliance issues influencing design. Concepts are also presented for ambulatory surgical centers, diagnostic imaging, clinical laboratories, breast care clinics, endoscopy centers, community health centers, radiation oncology, and single-specialty and multispecialty group practices and clinics. A thorough review of the latest dental technology and many creative space plans and design ideas for each dental specialty will be of interest to both dentists and design professionals. Important topics like infection control are top of mind, influencing every aspect of dental office design. An «inside look» at what goes on in each specialist's office will familiarize readers with medical and dental procedures, how they are executed, and the types of equipment used. Technology has radically impacted medical and dental practice: digital radiography, electronic health records, mobile health devices, point-of-care diagnostic testing, digital diagnostic instrumentation, CAD/CAM systems for digital dental impressions and milling of restorations in the dentist's office, portable handheld X-ray, and 3D cone beam computed tomography for dentists all have major implications for facility design. The influence of the Affordable Care Act is transforming primary care from volume-based to value-based, which has an impact on the design of facilities, resulting in team collaboration spaces, larger consultative examination/assessment rooms, and accommodation for multidisciplinary practitioners who proactively manage patient care, often in a patient-centered medical home context. The wealth of information in this book is organized to make it easy to use and practical. Program tables accompany each medical and dental specialty to help the designer compute the number and sizes of required rooms and total square footage for each practice. This handy reference can be used during interviews for a «reality check» on a client's program or during space planning. Other features, for example, help untangle the web of compliance and code issues governing office-based surgery. Illustrated with more than 600 photographs and drawings, Medical and Dental Space Planning is an essential tool for interior designers and architects as well as dentists, physicians, and practice management consultants.