Fundamental Economic Principles, Methods, and Tools for Addressing Human Systems Integration Issues and Tradeoffs Human Systems Integration (HSI) is a new and fundamental integrating discipline designed to help move business and engineering cultures toward more human-centered systems. Integrating consideration of human abilities, limitations, and preferences into engineering systems yields important cost and performance benefits that otherwise would not have been accomplished. In order for this new discipline to be effective, however, a cultural change—starting with organizational leadership—is often necessary. The Economics of Human Systems Integration explains the difficulties underlying valuation of investments in people's training and education, safety and health, and work productivity. It provides an overview of how the field of economics addresses these difficulties, focusing on human issues associated with design, development, production, operations, maintenance, and sustainment of complex systems. The set of thought leaders recruited as contributors to this volume collectively provides a compelling set of data and principles for assessing the economic value of investing in people, not just in general but in specific investment situations. The early chapters provide the contexts for HSI and investment analysis, illustrating the enormous difference context makes in how issues are best framed and analyzed. A host of practical methods and tools for investment valuation are then presented. Provided are: A variety of real-world applications of economic analysis ranging from military acquisition and automotive investment to healthcare and high-tech investments in general, in both the U.S. and abroad A range of economics-based methods and tools for cost analysis, cost-benefit analysis, and investment analysis, as well as sources of data for performing such analyses Differing perspectives on economic decision-making, including a range of private sector points of view, as well as government and regulatory perspectives In addition, five real-world case studies illustrate how such valuations have been done and their major impacts on investment decisions. HSI professionals, systems engineers, and finance professionals who address investment analysis will appreciate the wide range of methods and real-life applications; senior undergraduates and masters-level graduate students will find this to be an excellent textbook that provides theory and supports practice.
Human resource managers are faced with crucial issues of occupational health and safety.Industries have work related accidents due to poorly designed plant and equipment inherent in the work environment.Work related diseases affect the performance of workers.It is against this background that health and safety should not be viewed as a separate function or responsibility but as a broader initiative that aims at improving productivity, profitability and competitiveness of a firm.This book,therefore,provides health and safety programmes that when put in place will positively affect the performance of firms.It highlights the hazards,causes of work accidents and illness,significance of health and safety,health and safety policies,safety committees,health and safety audits among others.The book is supported by the Domino Theory of Accidents and the Situational Theory of Accidents.The analysis provides useful information to the Management of firms. It is very useful to Human Resource Managers,Scholars in Universities and Colleges, the Policy makers, Health and Safety officers and anyone who has interests in the wellbeing of workers at work.
The increasing occurrence of preventable diseases among industrial workers has led to resurgence in Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) education and awareness. With this rise in awareness, the need to protect workers from adverse work conditions which generate stress and precipitate occupational related diseases among workers has come to the fore. Thereby impelling governments to set standards for employee health and safety. This book therefore provides analytic information for health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitation in Occupational Health & Safety practice and Health Education to ensure good health of the workforce. These measures include the integration of OH&S Practice into national Primary Healthcare (PHC) programmes in order to provide access for medical care to low income workers. This book measures the effectiveness of healthcare services provision by employers and the potential benefits of compliance with global best practices in Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) practice. It advocates effective preventive and disease control measures and highlights the role of the employee in self-protection and health promotion as paramount.
This early work by William B. Forbush and Caroline Benedict Burrel contains a series of lessons for the physical, mental and moral training of children. It gives advice on play, home education, and character building, for the use of mothers and others involved in raising children.
The quality of human resource is considered by many to be the key and most important resources of an organization especially in education sector. The effectiveness and success of an education sector therefore lies on the people who form and work within the sector and as a result training and development has become an issue that has to be faced by every sector organization. The education sector of Ethiopia as well as Arsi Negele education sector office is still confronted with challenges in the area of effective performance of teachers and Educators in the provision of quality education services and overall designing, implementing and evaluation training and development program.
The literature in development economics and labor economics includes many studies of the importance of and rewards to training and education of workers, for both employers and employees. This book develops a graph showing the occupational educational requirement levels from advertisements from both public and private occupations and presents salaries associated with these educational levels. The study thus provides empirical results concerning the returns to education that are relevant to one of the major economic events of the late 20th century, the 1992 dissolution of the command-driven Soviet economy and subsequent restructuring of the economies of the former Soviet republics, as well as contributing to the wider literature on transitional economies. Issues surrounding education and training are especially pertinent in developing economies because the basic economic models taught to and applied by managers change dramatically during the development process.
Homo intellectus – a human beeing of the 21st century, in difference of ancient people living before our era and the following two hundred years – is the product of nature, socialisation, education and global civilisation informotisation who are to understand the aim of life in difficult social-phsicological situation and huge streams of heterogenic information. The authors, being based on system analasies of human being development, principle qualities of personality discover the main ways of intellectual human formation. Homointellectus is some fantom, but through education and self-education fantom is really achieved. Authors experience in training and self-training of children, teenageres young boys and girls given in a rather understandable form, will help young people to orientate in difficulties of present day society. The book may become useful for reading in creating a personal intellect and overcoming problematic situations.
Health Education is the cornerstone to Primary Health Care but it is given low priority in National Health Development. In this book, the author explores strategies for promoting Health Education in National Health Education Development. He opines that Health Education should be given adequate support from the Ministry of Health in the areas of resource allocation; health management and training of Health Education Officers. Dr. Kei observes that for effective management of health education services in Kenya, attention should be given to: reorganization of the Division of Health Education; review of training curricula for health workers to include health education; introducing incentives and a scheme of service for Health Education Officers; and setting performance standards. He recommends research into: Health Education concepts, training models, educational materials and program evaluation. In conclusion, the author recommends that the Division of Health Education should be renamed THE DIVISION OF HEALTH PROMOTION - in charge of Health Promotion Officers and activities. This book is resourceful for lecturers, students and staff of the Ministry of Health.
The purpose of the vocational education and training system is to develop sufficient people with the right skills to meet labour market demands. Thus, In the former centrally planned economies, there was an inherent close link between the systems of production and training. This close link made it possible for information on skill demand and supply to flow between the production system and the vocational education and training system. So, the book has indicated to forecast occupations and qualifications to identify future skill and training requirements.
Mongolia has been making significant reforms and structural changes to the general education system. To name a few is the transition to 12-year education system which will be completed by 2016; development and implementation of new educational standards; support of school development; use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education; human resource development and capacity building; strengthening teachers’ competencies; and having a big component related to ICT addressing the issues of ICT policy, infrastructure, hardware, software, human resource development and capacity building, content development etc., More increased effort and attention has now being given to integration of ICT into the education sector. This book explores the use of ICT in general education in Mongolia with a particular emphasis on the current situation of the ICT in general education and Informatics/Information Technology training.
“Economic growth contributes most to poverty reduction when it expands the employment, productivity and wages of poor people and when public resources are channelled to promoting human development.... A virtuous cycle of economic growth and human development arises when growth is labour using and employment generating and when human skills and health improve rapidly”. -UNDP, Human Development Report (1997)
This new edition of Occupational and Environmental Medicine concentrates more on the newer kinds of occupational disease including those (like “RSI” and pesticide poisoning) where exposure and effects are difficult to understand. There is specific emphasis on work, health and wellbeing, with links to public health, health promotion, the value of work, disabled people at work, the aging workforce, vocational rehabilitation, evidence based practice, and further chapters on the health effects of climate change and of occupational health and safety in relation to migration and terrorism.
The literature indicates a positive role of human capital on earnings. This hypothesis is tested along with the role of some other important variables. The methodology adopted in this book is based on the Mincerian model. It also uses spline function to see the impact of the human capital variables on the earnings of regular wage employees. Beside education and experience, literacy index, technical training, and school quality are included in the earning functions estimated for individuals. The book tests the two popular hypothesis about the role of education i.e. productivity hypothesis which states that education provides the skills which increase the workers productivity and the credintialist’s hypothesis that education does not improve productivity rather it provides positive signals about productivity of the worker to the potential employer.
This book presents an assessment of the integration status of the routine Health Information System (HIS) in the Malawian health system. The aim of the study was to determine where fragmentation exists and why; and then make recommendations on whether, and how integration could be achieved to improve the system. A qualitative case study approach was used to investigate existing information systems at various levels of the health system and the use of the information by health managers. The book presents how despite having implemented some of the integration strategies advocated for in literature, fragmentation still existed in the HIS. Hence the book argues for the need to implement strategies that allow flexibility and adaptability in the HIS in order to ensure integration of HIS is sustained over time. The book also examines the practicality of some recommended HIS design and implementation frameworks such as the information cycle and the hierarchy of standards. The book further presents evidence on how health information is used by health managers in various stages of the decision-making process of Lasswell''s classical model.